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Unformatted text preview: d sacrifice. Such society has also its enemy externalised, which should contribute to its unity (see Hassner 1996, Chapter
Three, Section 3). This representation of the world blurs the distinction
between war and peace and creates a feeling of life under constant threat.
29 Eubanks (1999) discusses the results of a focus group study of the BUSINESS IS
metaphor conducted in the US and quotes a licensing story, in which the respondent
claims that the metaphor was more appropriate when the veterans of the Second World
War and Korean War worked in business, but is less appropriate for the generation of the
1990s managers, who have no war experience.
WAR A qualitative analysis of war news 163 2.6.3. Other rhetorical strategies
The sample also contains a text which shows the attitude of the Polish
journalists of the era to the mass media, which is in stark contrast to that
represented by the British (see the sections on The Times). There is no
space for self-conscious pondering on the role and ethics of journalism.
Quite to the contrary, the function of the mass media is conceived of as
giving the truth to the people:
(88) Wyjście ostatnich oddziałów radzieckich z Afganistanu obserwowałem w Moskwie patrząc w telewizor i prowadząc niekończące
się rozmowy z różnymi ludźmi. Telewizyjny obraz nie kłamał. ‘I observed the withdrawal of the last Soviet units from Afghanistan in
Moscow, watching television and incessantly talking to other people. The television picture did not lie’.
The most remarkable foil to this conviction was a political graffiti, popular in the 1980s, which read Telewizja kłamie ‘Television lies’. Apparently such a possibility did not occur to the TL Moscow correspondent.
2.7. Rzeczpospolita on the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan
As was the case with the reporting of the American air raids on Libya,
many of the texts in both TL and Rz were very similar (e.g. the report
from the press conference of gen. Liziczow30). Some of the texts, though,
were original and appeared only in Rzeczpospolita, for instance a report
by a PAP correspondent Krzysztof Mroziewicz (also writing for Trybuna
Ludu) from May 16th 1988, in which he interviews a Soviet APC captain,
who describes the atrocities performed on the Soviet soldiers.
Also the construction of the enemy in Rzeczpospolita seems slightly
different from that in TL, as in the latter the alliances were presented
along the following lines: the Soviet Army was helping their neighbour,
the Afghan government, to consolidate the revolutionary gains of som. The major enemy was the US, supplying the opposition with weap30 This conference, and the numbers quoted by the General are also reported in The Times. 164 Chapter IV ons and training. In Rzeczpospolita, however, the opposition was not construed solely as the internal problem of the Afghan government, but as a
threat to the Soviet army as well.
Unfortunately for the major objective of this chapter, which is to
compare and contrast the conceptual metaphors motivating language u...
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