This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: ies.
The phrase another front reappears in the analysed texts 3 times and is used
to frame the bombing of Afghanistan as one among many measures taken
against the terrorists, and not as war as such. In this way the word acquires
a general ring to it and ceases to evoke, it seems to me, the military conceptualisation unequivocally. Simultaneously, the word collocates with line,
lines 12 times, when it is used in a clearly military context.
Several phrases originating in the military lexical field, apart from
humanitarian front, are used to describe the relief aid, which gives them a
slightly ironic tinge, as in US plans to bomb Afghans with food and the US
“guns and butter” strategy, a modification of the stick and carrot saying.
These rhetorical strategies employing the conceptual metaphor X IS WAR
in war reports can be linked to the phenomenon of the context-triggered
source discussed by Semino (2006).
A dominating metaphoric linguistic pattern used specifically in the
reporting of a war against bin Laden and al Qaeda, also identified in the Polish press, is that based on the conceptual metaphors WAR IS A HUNT, PERSON
IS AN ANIMAL. It is evident in the use of such phrases as those in (120): A qualitative analysis of war news 185 (120) to snare bin Laden, to smoke his men out of their hiding places they
will chase bin Laden from cave to cave, the terrorists may burrow
deeper into caves, The hunt for him [bin Laden], to hunt down those
responsible, evade the dragnet, the task of smoking out the alQaeda network, risky task of ferreting out bin Laden
The word hunt is used 15 times in the corpus. This linguistic strategy is
again a part of the enemy vilification technique, by means of which the
enemy is degraded, dehumanised and therefore not deserving respect or
humanitarian treatment. Such wording may enhance the inhuman behaviour towards future detainees in the interment camps of Abu Ghraib and
Other vilification methods differ in the use of particular words, but
not in general concepts from those identified in other war reports. Thus,
Osama bin Laden is described as a bullet-eyed and belligerent, rabid
revolutionary, [making] a calculated gesture of contempt for America.
The Taliban are referred to as a regime [which] has been brutal and destructive to the point of insanity. Terrorism is framed as Random acts by
people who will occasionally act out their particular derangement in a
violent way. Those are criminal actions to be handed by law enforcement.
The selected examples presented here all point to the familiar domains
common in the vilification procedures, such as INSANITY, BRUTALITY,
CRIMINALITY. It is not difficult to make a link between mad dog Gaddafi
and the rabid revolutionary bin Laden in the anti-terrorist pro-American
propaganda, as well as between the anti-terrorist pro-American accusations of insanity, brutality and criminality ascribed to the Talibans, and
the anti-American accusations of the same nature forwarded by TL in
1986. The strategies remain the same, only the subject of vilification alters with the change of the political scene, or perspective.
The domain of LAW (or CRIME, or CRIMINALITY) i...
View Full Document