This disparity between the british and the polish

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Unformatted text preview: RE NAZI, AMERICAN ACTIONS ARE PIRATE/ GANGSTER/ BAR- A POLICEMAN OF THE WORLD, THE WESTERNER IS A TEACHER, THE USA IS A JUDGE AND A POLICEMAN OF THE WORLD, THE USA IS THE WORLD SHERIFF, ENEMY IS AN ANIMAL: about the Americans: negative values: irrationality, arrogance (Hubris terms), deception, brutality, imperialism, neo-colonialism, state terrorism, cynicism, immorality THE USA IS A JUDGE AND Trybuna Ludu 1986 about the Americans: negative value: emotionality mad dog, poisonous snake ENEMY IS AN ANIMAL: about the Libyans: The Times 1986 Table 9. Enemy vilification framework: The depiction of the enemy about the British: positive values: capable of accurate political calculation and selfless sacrifice about Americans: negative values: unrealistic, puerile about the Afghans: negative values: primitivism, weakness, helplessness about the Soviets: negative values: emotionality, deception, barbarism THE WESTERNER IS A TEACHER / THE SOVIETS ARE THE STUDENTS, ENEMY IS AN ANIMAL: a dog with a tail between its legs The Times 1988-1989 ENEMY IS A (HUNTED) ANIMAL about the Talibans: negative values: criminality, brutality, insanity Trybuna and The Times 2001 about Iraqis: The Orientalist framework: THE ORIENTAL IS A STUDENT / THE WESTERNER IS A TEACHER; dichotomous series of attributed values: the Orient – the West barbarism – civilization weakness – power immaturity – maturity emotionality – rationality instability – stability HUSSEIN IS HITLER (+ LEADER FOR THE NATION/STATE metonymy) the American media (Sandikcioglu 2000) Conclusion 233 Another interesting process discovered in the war reports was the framing of the Glory of War Myth. In its original form the Myth conceptualises the war as a time of heroic deeds, the ultimate test of human virtue. It finds its cultural expression in the army parades, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and the rituals of mourning for the soldiers who died on the field of battle. After the Great War and the criticism of the Myth in literature (e.g. some of the Trench Poets, see Chapter Three, Section 5) it became discredited. In this way, two competing representations of war were created: the original Myth and the discredited Myth. These two rival representations were used for different framings of the war reports depending on the perspective of the reporter. The in-group perspective encouraged occasional references to the original Myth, especially in the British reporting of the British losses in the Falklands War. The out-group perspective, on the other hand, referred to the discredited Myth, for instance in the Polish reporting of the setting off of the British Navy for the Falklands and in the British reporting of the withdrawal of the Soviet army from Afghanistan. In these cases the WAR IS A THEATRE conceptual metaphor framed the appeals to the national symbols of the other as pompous. The shared historical experience or its lack determined the perspective of the Glory of War Myth, the perspective selected within a metaphorically construed scenario (see Musolff 2004 in Chapter One, Section 2.7). The Glory of War Myth has been motivated also by the STATE IS A PERSON conceptual metaphor. Through this metaphor characteristics of peop...
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