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Corpus. In this way, Chapter Four concerns discourse specific rhetorical patterns with war as the target of linguistic representation, while Chapter Five
focuses on ‘language in general’ and the employment of war as a source domain of the metaphorical mappings. Chapter IV A qualitative analysis of war news
This chapter is an attempt to identify and describe conceptual metaphors
that motivate the metaphorical construction of the concept of war in order
to compare and contrast the discursive construal of war in war reports in
two different languages and cultures over the period of 20 years. In this
way it will add to the understanding of the concept of ‘war’ in this specific genre. That is why the interaction between the concepts of ‘war’,
‘politics’ and ‘diplomacy’ is also discussed. The analysis consists of a
qualitative investigation of a number of newspaper articles describing
four different military conflicts, three of the 1980s, and one which took
place in 2001 (see Introduction to this book). A detailed description of the
Polish and English corpus of war reports and commentaries gathered specifically for the present study is given in Appendix 1.
The analysis of data concentrates on the identification of linguistic
metaphors and their role in the structure of discourse. The structure of
particular conceptual metaphors underlying them, their constitutive mappings and entailments1 are noted, but they are not detailed out, as the focus is on their function in discourse structure and in highlighting and hiding certain aspects of the target domain. To make the distinction between
the conceptual metaphor and its linguistic realisation clearer I refer to the
parts of the conceptual metaphor as Source and Target Domain, while to
the lexical realisations as Vehicle and Topic of metaphor.
The qualitative analysis is expected to show what the predominant
imagery patterns and rhetorical strategies were that were employed in reporting military conflicts. The analysis also allows the identification of
words typical for the lexical field of war. This list (presented in Appendix
1 John Barnden (2007) in his presentation at a RaAM workshop on metaphor in discourse claimed that in the analysis of discourse metaphors it is unnecessary and often
impossible to identify all the mappings. Lexical items used as metaphor vehicles
(sources) are often used to elaborate the source domain, to add to the liveliness of the
image of the source domain. 112 Chapter IV 2) serves as a basis for the quantitative study in Chapter Five. The aim of
Chapter Five is to determine if the frequencies of the basic literal senses
of these words corroborate the claim that the metaphorical linguistic expressions in which they appear are motivated by the X IS WAR conceptual
2. Analysis of data
2.1. Trybuna Ludu on the Falklands war (1982)
The qualitative analysis section is divided for each conflict under consideration into several subparts.2 The first one is devoted to linguistic metaphors whose influence extends over larger stretches of text than a sentence, thus organizing a paragraph, several paragraphs or an entire text.
This section is called Paragraph-structuring metaphors. The second section is devoted to...
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