Unformatted text preview: 2003, 2006; Fabiszak 2002, Fabiszak – Hebda In press),
sociolinguistics (e.g. Kristiansen – Dirven In press) and discourse studies
of the language of the media (Charteris-Black 2004, Koller 2004, Musolff
2004, Nerlich 2003, 2005a and b).
This work represents the latter trend in the development of cognitive linguistics, often called cognitive discourse analysis. Similarly to the
studies mentioned above, the present one recognizes the links between
structural and functional European linguistics and American cognitive
linguistics. Both schools of linguistic thought see meaning as contextually
motivated. Further, both functional and cognitive linguistics share a view
of language production as an interactive process. Chapter One aims at
placing the present investigation firmly within the conceptual metaphor
framework and at showing that embodied and metaphorical nature of Introduction 13 meaning is relevant to the construction of any representation of sociocultural reality.
The language of the media has attracted special attention for two
major reasons. One, its relative availability and two, its significant influence on the public discourse. It is through the media that a social consensus
on the conceptualisation of social institutions is negotiated and achieved.
The role of corpora in contemporary linguistic investigations and
the distinctive position of the language of the media and its relations with
cognitive discourse analysis are presented in Chapter Two.
Chapter Three provides a wider perspective on the conceptualisation of war in a variety of liberal arts and sciences. Attempts to reflect on
the nature of war and its role in society as a driving force of change have
been made since ancient times. A short review, based on Hassner (2002b),
of the philosophical explorations of war starts the presentation of the contemporary approaches to the meaning of war. It is preceded by a brief discussion of the views of the two 19th century theoreticians of war and warfare, Clausewitz and Jomini, whose works are still read and taught in
army academies and history seminars. Then, the social studies approach
to war is discussed on the basis of a sociological analysis of the Second
Gulf War. The representation of war in literature, and its scrutiny by literary critics is given in the next section. The discussion of the literary studies is narrowed down to Polish and British literature, as the texts analysed
in Chapter Four were addressed to audiences brought up within these two
cultures. A revision of a short history of war correspondents links the
popular cultural image of war with media studies. One section is devoted
to CMT based linguistic studies of the language used in reporting and
talking about war. The chapter ends with an overview of different theories
of war and recasts them as the expert and the folk model of the concept.
This model forms a backdrop for the analyses in Chapter Four.
Chapter Four in an attempt to elucidate the meaning of political
discourse focuses on what Koller (2004) calls secondary discourse, i.e. a
representation of the primary...
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