1The Industrial Revolution started in the 1800’s. Countries that had previously made a living by working with their hands were now being introduced to machines that could do their jobs faster and cheaper. The Industrial movement changed the way that people lived. As the number of factories continued to increase, providing jobs to those who were now out of work, the number of people living in the city increased. Eventually these factories were creating far more goods than they could sell in their own country. The solution to this problem lies in what became known as the imperial movement. Industrialized nations sought new markets for the surpluses that their industry was producing. The imperial movement is how industrialization touched most of the world. Europe took the lead with the industrial movement, making other countries feel like they needed to catch up. This created a worldwide race to see who could have the most influence in the world. Though these imperial powers had faced smaller difficulties, they had not experienced anything like the resistance that would occur in China. In David Silbey’s book The Boxer Rebellion and The Great Game, he describes how these world powers worked together to extend their influences in China. Through a series of events, China would see the rise of one of the largest rebellion groups in its history. Silbey tells us how the Boxers came about and what role they would play in the war. In the 1840’s, Britain was relying heavily on Asia for raw materials. The problem was that Asia was extremely independent. Britain was having trouble coming up with things to trade Asia. The solution that they came up with was Opium. Britain began shipping mass amounts of Opium into China in exchange for raw materials. Understandably, China was worried about having a vast majority of its people addicted to
2a drug. They tried several things to stop the trade, but the drugs kept coming. Eventually they attacked British trades men and destroyed all of their Opium. This was a good excuse for Britain to gain more influence in China. When the ships returned home and shared their stories, Britain declared war on China. In 1842, the Nanjing treaty ended the Opium war and gave China the right to five Chinese cities. In the years to come China would deal with several major wars and Rebellions. From 1850 to 1864, China attempted to fight off the rebels of the Taiping rebellion. The rebellion was so large that it took the Qing fourteen years to stop it. With almost no time to recover the Chinese faced the Second Opium war in 1856-1860. Again, they were defeated. China had always viewed Japan as inferior. In 1895, they would be proven wrong when the Japanese crushed China in the Sino-Japanese war. The war ended with the treaty of Shimonoseki. It seems that whenever China starts to recuperate from a war or rebellion they were smashed down by some other power.