O h2n ch c ch2 adp nh3 pi h2n ch c oh ch2 ch2 c o oh

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Unformatted text preview: d Glutamine is synthesized from glutarate and NH4+. O H2N CH C CH2 ADP NH3 Pi H2N CH C OH CH2 CH2 C O OH ATP glutamine synthetase O CH2 C OH O NH2 Glutamate and glutamine serve as the nitrogen donors in the synthesis of the other nine nonessenIal amino acids. Alanine Arginine Asparagine Aspartate Cysteine Glycine Proline Serine Tyrosine 3 12/3/13 The three ketoacids: CH3 COO- C CH2 O C COO- COOCH2 O CH2 COO- 3 Carbon C 4 Carbon O COO- 5 Carbon can be converted into their corresponding amino acid COO- CH3 NH3+ HC COO- CH2 HC COO- CH2 NH3+ CH2 COO- HC by a group of enzymes called transaminases NH3+ COO- TransaminaIon reacIons are used to synthesize most of the amino acids and are involved in the removal of the α-amine group most of the amino acids O O C C O OH NH4+ H2N CH C CH2 OH H2N CH2 C OH O C NH4+ CH C OH R CH2...
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This document was uploaded on 02/24/2014 for the course BIO 2 at San Jose City College.

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