Chapter 10 - PrepU flashcards _ Quizlet

eallo p atricsp eciatio n may o ccu raslo n g astwo

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Unformatted text preview: c) 7 .2 b illio n y ears d ) 4 .6 b illio n y ears e) 5 6 5 millio n y ears Wh ich o f th e fo llo win g is a co rrect statemen t ab o u t sy mp atric o r allo p atric sp eciatio n ? a) Po ly p lo id y is a ty p e o f sy mp atric sp eciatio n . b ) Sy mp atric sp eciatio n mig h t o ccu r if a b o d y o f water sh rin k s, leav in g th e fish iso lated in sep arate smaller p o n d s. c) Allo p o ly p lo id y is a ty p e o f allo p atric sp eciatio n . d ) Allo p atric sp eciatio n can b e called "sp eciatio n with o u t g eo g rap h ic iso latio n ." e) Allo p atric sp eciatio n may o ccu r as lo n g as two p o p u latio n s h av e th e same g eo g rap h ical ran g e. Po ly p lo id y is a ty p e o f sy mp atric sp eciatio n . Th e th ree p h en o men a th at ten d to trig g er ad ap tiv e rad iatio n s are: mass ex tin ctio n s, co lo n izatio n ev en ts, an d ev o lu tio n ary in n o v atio n s. a) h o rizo n tal g en e tran sfer, co n v erg en t ev o lu tio n , an d p o ly p lo id y . b ) sy mp atric sp eciatio n , allo p atric sp eciatio n , an d h y b rid izatio n . c) mass ex tin ctio n s, co lo n izatio n ev en ts, an d ev o lu tio n ary in n o v atio n s. d ) h y b rid izatio n , p o ly p lo id y , an d b ack g ro u n d ex tin ctio n s. e) rep ro d u ctiv e iso latio n , p u n ctu ated eq u ilib riu m, an d h o rizo n tal g en e tran sfer. Bacteria an d Arch aea are th e two d o main s w h o s e m e m b e rs a re : p ro k ary o tic. a ) d e c o m p o s e rs . b ) p rimary co n su mers. c) eu k ary o tic. d ) p ro k ary o tic. e) mu lticellu lar. H o rs e s a n d d o n k e y s c a n b re e d a n d p ro d u c e sterile o ffsp rin g k n o wn as mu les. Ho rses an d d o n k ey s remain sep arate sp ecies b ecau se o f th is h y b rid sterility , wh ich is: a p o stzy g o tic b arrier to rep ro d u ctio n a) a p o stzy g o tic b arrier to rep ro d u ctio n . b ) a p rezy g o tic b arrier to rep ro d u ctio n . c) a g eo g rap h ical b arrier to rep ro d u ctio n . d ) a temp o ral b arrier to iso latio n . e) a temp o ral b arrier to rep ro d u ctio n . Ph ase 1 o f th e creatio n o f life o n earth was th e fo rmatio n o f small mo lecu les co n tain in g c a rb o n a n d h y d ro g e n . Ph ase 2 was th e fo rmatio n o f self­ rep licatin g , in fo rmatio n co n tain in g mo lecu les. Ph ase 3 was: a) th e d ev elo p men t o f a n u cleu s, en ab lin g metab o lism an d creatin g th e first cells. b ) th e fo rmatio n o f RNA. c) th e co o lin g o f th e earth to a temp eratu re co n d u civ e to life. d ) th e fo rmatio n o f DNA. e) th e d ev elo p men t o f a memb ran e, en ab lin g metab o lism an d creatin g th e first cells. th e d ev elo p men t o f a memb ran e, en ab lin g metab o lism an d creatin g th e first cells. Wh ich o f th e fo llo win g lists th e selected tax o n o mic categ o ries in p ro p er h ierarch ical o rd er (fro m mo st in clu siv e to least in clu siv e)? Ph y lu m; Class; Family ; Gen u s a) Ph y lu m; Class; Family ; Gen u s b ) Ord er; Family ; Gen u s; Class c) Family ; Class; Ord er; Sp ecies d ) Ph y lu m; Family ; Class; Gen u s e) Kin g d o m; Class; Sp ecies; Ord er Wh ich o f th e fo llo win g statemen ts d o es NOT fo llo w fro m th e in fo rmatio n p ro v id ed in th e g rap h ab o v e? Mass ex tin ctio n s are p red ictab le. a) Th ere h av e b een fiv e d o cu men ted mass ex tin ctio n s in th e last 5 0 0 millio n y ears. b ) Du rin g th e mo st recen t mass ex tin ctio n , th e d in o sau rs were ex termin ated . c) Mass ex tin ctio n s are p red ictab le. d ) Du rin g "Th e Great Dy in g " a g reater p ercen tag e o f th e earth 's families wen t ex tin ct th an at an y o th er time. e) Ex tin ctio n s are alway s o ccu rrin g n atu rally . Ho mo sap ien s is th e n ame o f a sp ecies. Ho mo is th e n ame o f a g en u s. Ho min id ae is th e n ame o f a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . Primate is th e n ame o f an o rd er. Mammal is th e n ame o f a class. An imal is th e n ame o f a k in g d o m. E...
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