Chapter 10 - PrepU flashcards _ Quizlet

4 b illio n a4 0 0 b illio n b 4 millio n c8 trillio

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Unformatted text preview: u k ary o te is th e n ame o f a d o main . family a) family b ) g e n e ra c ) g e n o m e d ) su b sp ecies e) v ariety Wh ich o f th e fo llo win g accu rately states th e g o al o f b io lo g ical classificatio n ? a) th e ack n o wled g emen t th at an cestral eu k ary o tes g av e rise to an cestral b acteria a n d a rc h a e a n s b ) a way to in clu d e all b io lo g ical en tities, in clu d in g v iru ses, in th e tree o f life c) th e sep aratio n o f all o rg an isms in to fo u r sep arate k in g d o ms d ) th e g ro u p in g o f o rg an isms in to categ o ries th at reflects th eir ev o lu tio n ary h isto ry e) th e g ro u p in g o f o rg an isms in to th ree larg e p o ly p h y letic categ o ries th e g ro u p in g o f o rg an isms in to categ o ries th at reflects th eir ev o lu tio n ary h isto ry Life aro se fro m n o n life aro u n d _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ y e a rs a g o . 4 b illio n a) 4 0 0 b illio n b ) 4 millio n c) 8 trillio n d ) 8 th o u san d e) 4 b illio n Wh ich o f th e fo llo win g is NOT a d ifficu lty with th e b io lo g ical sp ecies co n cep t? in b reed in g sp ecies a) asex u al sp ecies b ) rin g sp ecies c) in b reed in g sp ecies d ) fo ssil sp ecies e) h y b rid izin g sp ecies At th e time life first ev o lv ed o n earth : th ere was less o x y g en an d mo re meth an e in th e atmo sp h ere th an th ere is to d ay . a) th ere was mo re o x y g en an d less meth an e in th e atmo sp h ere th an th ere is to d ay . b ) th ere was less o x y g en an d mo re meth an e in th e atmo sp h ere th an th ere is to d ay . c) th ere was less o x y g en an d less meth an e in th e atmo sp h ere th an th ere is to d ay . d ) th e amo u n ts o f o x y g en an d meth an e in th e atmo sp h ere were th e same as to d ay . e) No n e o f th e ab o v e is co rrect. Th e id ea o f "p u n ctu ated eq u ilib riu m" su g g ests th at sp ecies will sh o w little to n o ev o lu tio n ary ch an g e th ro u g h o u t th eir h isto ry . Wh en ev o lu tio n d o es o ccu r, acco rd in g to th is id ea, it h ap p en s sp o rad ically an d relativ ely q u ick ly co mp ared to th e sp ecies' fu ll d u ratio n o n Earth . Th is id ea o f ev o lu tio n in sp u rts ch allen g es wh ich o f th e co mp o n en ts o f Darwin 's th eo ry o f ev o lu tio n ? a) stead y ch an g e b ) g rad u alism c) sp ecies stasis d ) Bo th a) an d b ) are co rrect. e) No n e o f th e ab o v e is co rrect. Bo th a) an d b ) are co rrect. Wh ich b y ­p ro d u ct o f p h o to sy n th esis was imp o rtan t in alterin g th e atmo sp h ere o f th e earth so th at aero b ic o rg an isms co u ld ev o lv e? o x y g en a) air b ) carb o n d io x id e c) n itro g en d ) fo ssil fu els e ) o x y g e n Th e cu rren t mass ex tin ctio n is b eliev ed to b e p rimarily cau sed b y : h u man actio n s. a) h u man actio n s. b ) red u ctio n in th e amo u n t o f o x y g en in th e atmo sp h ere. c) risin g sea lev els. d ) astero id imp act. e) weath er. Acco rd in g to th e Bio lo g ical Sp ecies Co n cep t, sp ecies are n atu ral p o p u latio n s o f o rg an isms th at h av e th e p o ten tial to in terb reed an d th at are _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ iso lated fro m o th er su ch p o p u latio n s. rep ro d u ctiv ely a) rep ro d u ctiv ely b ) sp atially c) p rezy g o tically d ) temp o rally e) au d ito rially A g ro u p o f b ird s fly o ff th e main lan d an d en d u p o n a d istan t set o f islan d s. On ce th ere, th ey fin d a larg e n u mb er o f o p p o rtu n ities fo r d iv ersificatio n an d ad ap tatio n . Th is situ atio n is b est d escrib ed as wh ich o f th e fo llo win g ? a) co lo n izatio n ev en t b ) ev o lu tio n ary in n o v atio n c) b o ttlen eck d ) d isco v ery e) d istrib u tio n o f g en es co lo n izatio n ev en t Th o u g h y o u were n o t o n earth at th e time, if y o u h ad to p red ict th e meth o d o f rep ro d u ctio n u tilized b y th e earliest o rg an isms o n th is p lan et, wh ich o f th e fo llo win g ch o ices wo u...
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This document was uploaded on 02/25/2014.

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