F13 8 Taxonomy and Symbiosis Concepts(2)

That are affected endemic disease a disease that is

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Unformatted text preview: AFFECT INDIV. THAT ARE AFFECTED Endemic disease A DISEASE THAT IS PRESENT ALL THE TIME IN CERTAIN POPULATION OR REGION EX: MALARIA Epidemic disease DISEASE THAT HAPPEN OCCASIONALLY BUT AFFECT WHOLE POPULATIONS Pandemic disease EPIDEMIC THAT HAPPENS ON A GLOBAL SCALE EX: HIV, INFLUENZA OF 1982 Reportable disease HOW DO WE DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN DISEASE OCCURRENCES: DISEASE ARE REPORTABLE, DR. ARE REQ'D BY LAW TO REPORT TO COUNTY PUBLIC HEALTH, THEN STATE PUBLIC HEALTH, THEN CDC USUALLY COMPONENT OF CELL, THEY HAVE GENERALIZED EFFECTS (LARGE # OF CELLS) ENDOTOXIN: STABLE, HARD TO IMMUNIZE AGAINST RELATIVELY HEAT STABLE EXOTOXIN: MADE BY CELL AND SECRETED OUTSIDE THE CELL, USUALLY PROTEIN, USUALLY HEAT LABILE--HAVE SPECIFIC TARGET TISSUE; EASIER TO IMMUNIZE (IMMUNIZE TO TOXIN, NOT REFERS TO CAUSE OF DISEASE ORGANISM) EX: TETANUS DISEASE THAT YOU CATCH FROM ANOTHER INDIV NONCOMMUNICABLE: NOT CAUGHT FROM ANOTHER PERSON FROM SEXUAL ACTAIVITY, CONTACT OF MUCOUS MEMBRANES WITH ANOTHER'S MUCOUS MEMBRANE MODE OF ENTRY: LUNGS/NASAL PASSAGE BUGS WHO TAKE BLOOD MEAL, MOSQUITO NONLIVING SERVICES: HYPODERMIC SYRINGE, TRANSMIT DISEASE THRU UNSTERILIZED NEEDLE USE NOT FROM ANOTHER PERSON...
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