Non 92 results in stiffness 92 mastigophora greek

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Unformatted text preview: absorb nutrients. non 9+2 results in stiffness 9+2 Mastigophora (Greek: mastigos = whip) Grouped by presence of chloroplasts Phytomastigophorea (class) Euglena sp Zoomastigophorea (class) Trypanasoma sp Trichomonas sp Giardia sp HAVE A MAST= FLAGELLUM Mastigophora Mastigophora AFRICAN SLEEPING SICKNESS Trypanasoma sp ENDEMIC SYMPTOM: BLOOD INFECTION VECTOR CONTROL: FLIES+PESTICIDES, HUMAN TOXICITY Mastigophora Trypanasoma sp dividing Trypanasoma sp in pure culture TRANSVERSE AND LONGITUDINAL FISSION DUE TO OVAL SHAPE Mastigophora CAN BE CYST OR TROPH, WATER BORNE FAECAL ORAL TRANS, HAVE FLAGELLA, HAS MUTILPLE NUCLEI THAT CAN FOCUS, TWO EYESPOTS CYST IS INERT, TROPH IS INFECTIVE; CYST COAT IS DISSOLVE BY GUT= TRANS. INTO TROPH=BAD SELF LIMITING, SULFUR METABOLISM Giardia sp ‘troph’ Giardia sp ‘cyst’ Mastigophora Trichomonas sp STD, CAUSES INFLAMMATION IN VAGINAL TRACT, CAUSE ABORTION/STILL BIRTH, MUCOUS MEMBRANE TRANS FROM ASYMPTOMATIC CARRIER. Ciliophora (Latin: cilium = eyelid) Grouped by type of cilia ->locomotion/food gathering ALL HAVE CILIA, NOT FLAGELLATED Holotrichic/Hypotrichic/Peritrichic Paramecium bursaria (endosymbiont->Chlorella parameceii) Tetrahymena pyriformis Euplotes sp. Vorticella sp Blepharisma sp SAPROBIC, CAN ABSORB, HOLOZOIC LIKE AMOEBA. SPECIALIZED CILIA SWEEP SMALLER CELLS DOWN LIKE PHAGOCYTOSIS INTO GUT, DEGRADED BY LYSOSOMES INSIDE CELL THEN EXCRETED, HAVE CONTRACTILE VACUOLES. HOLOTRICHIC Ciliophora NUTRITIONAL CYCLE GRID LIKE, COORDINATES CILIA 9+2 Cilia: locomotion/food gathering OAR LIKE MOVEMENT EX: PARAMECIUM Ciliophora LARGE GRANULAR CELL, FOUND IN PONDS, TREE TRUNK+ WATER, NO SHELL NO COAT,NO REAL CYST YET EXIST EVERYWHERE INSTEAD OF ORAL CILIA, IT HAS FLAPPING MEMBRANE, VERY MOTILE, WITH LONGITUDINAL FISSION Tetrahymena sp Blepharisma sp Ciliophora HOLO. Paramecium bursaria HAS ENDOSYMBIONT, SYMBIOTIC ORGANS. LIVES IN CELL, PHOTOAUTOTROPH. PARAMECIUM PROVIDES ENVIRMNT, CHLORELLA PROVIDES STARCH =MUTALISTIC RELATIONSHIP HAVE 2 NUCLEI Ciliophora HAS SPECIALZIED, FUSED CILIA THAT STEER ORGANISM LIKE CRUTCHES FOR LIQ ENVIMNT STIFF FOR DEBRIS ENVMNT Euplotes sp Ciliophora BELL SHAPED, CILIA AROUND ORA CAVITY USE CILIA FOR FOOD GATHERING ONLY Vorticella sp CONNECTED BY LONG STALK, WITH MYELINE FIBERS, CREATE VORTEX THAT SPINS AND INJEST HOLOZOICALLY. Ciliophora can have MULTIPLE NUCLEI MACRONUCLEUS MICRONUCLEUS MACRO: HOLDS GENETIC MATERIAL THAT IS TRANSCRIBED AND TRANSLATED INTO PROTEIN MICRO: VAULT, LIBRARY WHERE GENES ARE MAINTAINED NOT TRANSLATED, JUST STORED. IN REPRODUCTION: MARCO NUC. DISSOVLES, SEXUAL EXCHANGE OF MICRONUC., MICRONUC GENERATE NEW MACRO NUC---> 2 NEW GENETIC INDIV. DUE TO RECOMBINATION OF MICRONUC. Conjugation Sporozoa (Greek: spora= seed) No organelles of motility in mature cells /complex life cycle/obligate parasites LECTURE NOTES INCOMP MEROZOITES, INFECT RBC + LIVER CELLS Cyclospora sp. Plasmodium sp. CHRYPTOSPORIDIUM SP, Cryptosporidium sp. LACK MOTILITY IN ADULTS HAVE COMPLEX LIFE CYCLES EX: PLASMODIUM=HUMAN MALARIA SC Sentinel 8/1/13 Plasmodium life cycle HUMAN MALARIA, VECTOR BORNE, VECTOR IS MOSQUITO TWO ASPECTS OF LIFE CYCLE, 18s rDNA sequence analysis DINOFLAG MORE CLOSELY RELATED TO CILIATES (DUE TO PHOTOSYNTH CAPAB)...
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This document was uploaded on 02/25/2014 for the course MICROBIOLO 101 at San Jose State University .

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