F13 7 Microbial classification(1)

Three kingdom concept haekle1866 plants animals

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Unformatted text preview: VED FROM WHO. Three kingdom concept (Haekle/1866) Plants Animals Protista DUE TO LUEWENHOEKE'S MAGNIFYING GLASS, A THIRD KINGDOM WAS ADDED TO INCLUDE MO'S WHICH SEEMED NEITHER PLANT OR ANIMAL THE ELECTRON MICROGRAPH DESTROYS 3 KINGDOM CONCEPT; ORGANELLES SUCH AS THE NUCLEUS ARE NOW OBSERVED ALLOWING BETTER SORTING Four kingdom concept (Copeland ~1960s) Metazoa ALL ANIMALS Metaphyta ALL PLANTS Protoctista EUKARYOTIC MICROBES (WITH NUCLEUS) Monera NO NUCLEUS MO'S Five kingdom concept (Whittaker/1969) LATEST KINGDOM CONCEPT Anamalia Plantae Fungi FUNGI/PROTISTA/ PROKARYOTAE ALL Protista STUDIED MY MB'S Procaryotae ANIMALIA: ALL EUKARYOTIC, ALL HETEROTROPHS MULTICELLULAR, WELL DEFINED ORGAN SYSTEMS AND TISSUE SYSTEMS PLANTAE: WELL DEVELOPED VASCULATURE, MULTICELLULAR, ALL STATIONARY, ALL PHOTOTROPHS ANIMALIA/PLANTAE SEEM LARGE, BUT ARE SMALL IN COMPARISON TO MICROBIAL WORLD. FUNGI: CAN BE MULTICELLULAR (MOLD) UNICELLULAR YEAST, ALL EUKARYOTIC, ALL HETEROTROPHS. PROTISTA: UNICELLULAR,CAN LIVE IN ORGANIZED UNITS,BUT NO DIFFERENTIATED VASCULATURE, ORGAN SYSTEMS, ECT. CAN BE HETEROTROPHS OR PHOTOTROPHS THIS SCHEME HAS CONVENIENCE CLASSIFICATION MONERA (PROKARYOTAE): INCLUDE BACTERIA, NO MEMBRANE BOUND NUCLEUS, PHOTO OR HETEROTROPH IN THE 50'S, WE STARTED LOOKING AT DNA AND HOW GENES MOVED FROM GENERATION TO GENERATION GC MATCH: 3 HYD BONDS AT MATCH: 2 HYD BONDS TWO COMPLEMENTARY STRANDS PHOSPHO-RIBOSE STRANDS ANTI PARALLEL AND COMPLIMENTARY AT GC TRIPLET CODE THAT ALLOWS HEREDITARY PROCESS TO CONTINUE ETHIDIUM BROMIDE INTER-KELATES INTO DNA: ADVANTAGE OF ETHIDIUM BROMIDE IS THAT IT FLOURESCES SO YOU CAN VISUALIZE IT; SHINE A UV LIGHT AND IF IT LETS OFF PHOTONS, YOU CAN SEE IT IF ONE TAKES DNA FROM 2 DIFF ORG AND MIX WITH ETHIDIUM BROMIDE, THERE WILL BE DIFFERENCES THAT WE CAN COMPARE THIS OCCUS WITH DENSITY GRADIENT CENTRIFUGATION DIFFERENCE DUE TO AT AND GC STRANDS AT STRANDS WILL GO FURTHER ADVANTAGES TO CERTAIN EXTENT, WHAT IF YOU HAVE ORG WITH SAME DNA SEQUENCE BASES? D...
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