spanish104exam4studyguide - Rodrguez 1 David Diego Rodrguez...

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Rodríguez 1 David Diego Rodríguez, Ph.D. University of Illinois at Chicago [email protected] Spanish 104 Exam IV Study Guide Exam IV is on Tuesday, April 17, 2007. The exam focuses on Chapter 4 only: Forms of the Present Tense Subjunctive Mood To form the present tense of the subjunctive mood, take the yo form of the present tense indicative mood and drop the -o : Verbos regulares hablar Î hablo , comer Î como , vivir Î vivo Verbos irregulares caer Î caigo , cerrar Î cierro , conocer Î conozco , decir Î digo , dormir Î duermo , hacer Î hago , pedir Î pido , pertenecer Î pertenezco , poner Î pongo , querer Î quiero , recordar Î recuerdo , salir Î salgo , sugerir Î sugiero , tener Î tengo , traer Î traigo , venir Î vengo , ver Î veo , volver Î vuelvo Then add the following endings: -ar verbs: -e, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en -er verbs: -a, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an -ir verbs: -a, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an In - ar and -er stem-changing verbs, the stem-change pattern is the same as in the present indicative: pensar (ie) volver (ue) piense pensemos vuelva volvamos pienses penséis vuelvas volváis piense piensen vuelva vuelvan -ir stem-changing verbs show the present indicative stem change in the same persons in the present subjunctive. In addition, they show the preterite stem change ( e Î i , o Î u ) in the nosotros/as and vosotros/as forms. pedir (i, i) dormir (ue, u) pida pidamos duerma durmamos pidas pidáis duermas durmáis pida pidan duerma duerman If the present indicative yo form does NOT end in -o (for example, or voy ), the verb will have an irregular form: dar : dé, des, dé, demos, deis, den estar : esté, estés, esté, estemos, estéis, estén ir : vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayáis, vayan saber : sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepáis, sepan ser : sea, seas, seamos, seáis sean haber: The present subjunctive of hay is haya Verbs that end in -car , -gar , and - zar , have a spelling change in the present subjunctive: -car : buscar Î bus c
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spanish104exam4studyguide - Rodrguez 1 David Diego Rodrguez...

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