ezra-nechemiah 3

As a result the members of the gerusia were exempted

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Unformatted text preview: ַרָ כִ כ‬ ֵ‫ע‬ those did Cyrus the king take out of the temple of Babylon, --‫ו ולְ:היבול :הּמו ול ולְ:היכ ולְולא ּדי בַרָבול‬ ֶ‫ְך‬ ִ‫עֵ ַרָ כ‬ ִ‫כ‬ ֵ‫עֵ ע‬ and they were delivered unto one whose name was -‫:ה ,סַנ ולְּפק :הּמו ּכורׁש מול ולְּכא, מ,ן‬ ִ‫כ‬ ָ‫ ,סַ ַר‬ ֶ‫ְך‬ ִ‫כ‬ ֵ‫ע‬ Sheshbazzar, whom he had made governor; ‫:היכ ולְולא ּדי בַרָבול, וי:היבו‬ ִ‫כִ כ‬ ֶ‫ְך‬ ִ‫עֵ ַרָ כ‬ .‫ול ולְׁשׁשּב ,סַּצר ׁשמּה, ּדי פ ְךֶח:ה ׂשמּה‬ ֵ‫ַרָ ע‬ ָ‫ַר‬ ִ‫כ‬ ֵ‫ולְ ע‬ ַ‫עֵ ולְ ,ס‬ Appointed by the Persian ruler as the governor, but why does EZ call him a Nasi? 6:7 7 let the work of this house of God alone; let the ;ְ‫ז ׁשבקו, ול ,סַעביד ת ּבי ת-אלֱול ַרָ:הא דך ול‬ ֵ‫ַרָ ע‬ ֵ‫ע‬ ַ‫רֶבֲ כִ ,ס‬ ֻ‫ולְ ּל‬ governor of the Jews and the elders of the Jews build this -‫ּפ ,סַח ת י:הודיא וול ולְׂשבי י:הודיא, ּבי ת‬ ֵ‫ע‬ ֵ‫ַרָ עֵ ולְ ַרָ ע‬ ֵ‫ ,סַ ולְ ַרָ ע‬ house of God in its place .‫אלֱול ַרָ:הא דך ולְ יבנו,ן עול-א תולְרּה‬ ֵ‫ע‬ ַ‫ ,ס‬ ְ‫ול‬ ֵ‫ַרָ ע‬ Persians are adamant that they have appointed the governors as the leaders over Israel 3:1-5 Same people always referred to as Governors or leaders Chaggai 1:1 Also calls the two of them “Pachat”= governor Always presents the leaders as Navi Leader Cohen People Diveri Hayamim, lists geneology Starts with Levi, goes through all sons where it goes from father to son until the appointment during the time of the Bet Hamikdash. Yehotzadak was the very last functioning cohen gadol of the bet Hamikdash, Yehoshua is the first functioning CG after him, and he is a direct descendant. Nechemiah 12: Rededication of things, second Matan Torah, Yeishua is not singled out as the individual leader GERUSIA (Gr. γερουσία), council of elders, common throughout the Hellenistic world (e.g., Sparta, Cyrene). Since the “elders” or “city elders” (Ziknei ha-Ir) are mentioned repeatedly in the Bible (cf. Deut. 19:12, 21:2ff.; Josh. 20:4; Judg. 8:14; I Sam. 9:3; I Kings 21:8,11; Ruth 4:2ff.), Josephus concludes that the earliest Jewish Gerusia dates back to biblical times, functioning as a high court together with the high priest and prophets (Ant. 4:218). During the Hellenistic period the Gerusia appears not merely as a legislative and judicial body, but as representative of the Jewish population of Judea. Thus in the famous edict of Antiochus III the Great, following his conquest of Palestine, the Seleucid monarch describes the splendid reception given him by the Jews – in the person of the Gerusia (and not, as might have been expected, the high priest). As a result, the members of the Gerusia were exempted from a number of taxes, together with officials of the Temple (Ant. 12:138ff.). Similarly, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, in an epistle to the Jews, addresses his remarks to the Gerusia and not the hig...
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