This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: h priest (II Macc. 11:27). That the Jews of this period
considered the Gerusia their official representative body is further apparent from the correspondence of “those in Jerusalem
and Judea, the Gerusia, and Judah” to their brethren in Egypt
560 ENCYCLOPAEDIA JUDAICA, Second Edition, Volume 7
during the early years of the Hasmonean rebellion (II Macc.
1:10). When Jonathan became leader of the Jewish nation, the
office of high priest was apparently formally recognized as representative
of the people, and thus in a correspondence with
the Spartans “Jonathan the high priest and the Gerusia” are
listed together (I Macc. 12: 6; Jos., Ant. 13, 166).
It would be a mistake, however, to identify the Gerusia,
which appears to be a permanent representative body of
elders dating back to the Persian period (cf. Judith 4:8, 11: 14,
15:8), with the “Great Assembly” (keneset ha-gedolah), a body
representing the total Jewish population of Palestine, and
convened only when important constitutional decisions were
taken. The “elders” are thus mentioned as a part of the Great
Assembly that appointed Simeon high priest and leader of
the Jewish nation (I Macc. 14:28). It is feasible, however, that
the Gerusia eventually evolved into what became known
as the “Sanhedrin” of Jerusalem, although the precise date
of the introduction of this term is unknown (cf. H. Mantel,
Studies in the History of the Sanhedrin (1961), 49–50, 61–62,
for a summation of the numerous views on this problem).
According to Philo (Flaccus, 10:74) there also existed a Jewish
Gerusia in Alexandria, which during the rule of Augustus
replaced the previous form of local Jewish leadership, the
Bibliography: S.B. Hoenig, Great Sanhedrin (1953); Y.M.
Grintz, Sefer Yehudit (1957), 105.
Demotion of the classical leadership and promotion of the grass roots leadership. Anshei
Knesset Hagedola- town hall meeting.
Gerusia- democratic elect party which was in touch with the sovereign leaders
EZ- shift to new mode of leadership with Rabbis and reworking the
system with new leadership dynamic. We will learn how they interacted and viewed the leader.
10/9/2013 9:21 AM
7th Month: They laid the foundation
520 is when the building picks up again with Chaggai Zecharia
According to EZ, there was always a functioning leader
Job of the Leader- Liason with Persia, religious leader, rebuking the people
538-520 Between these years Sheshbatzar falls to the side Zerubavel is active from the beginning, as seen in Chaggi Zecharia say that the rebuilding
According to Zechaira, history is starting again now in the time of Darius
EN 3- things started in 538, but there was a pause because of a little snag, but then everything
picked up again!
How we conceive history is different based on your surroundings and location
Sovereignty in Israel ended
According to Melachim- when the BH was destroyed, and according to Yirmiyahu
Yirmiyahu- when Gedalia was murdered.
How we see history- all about the leaders
(530-522) DARIUS I
(522-486) Religious and politica...
View Full Document
This document was uploaded on 02/25/2014 for the course BIBLE 3857 at Yeshiva.
- Fall '13