ezra-nechemiah 3

How we see history all about the leaders neo

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Unformatted text preview: h priest (II Macc. 11:27). That the Jews of this period considered the Gerusia their official representative body is further apparent from the correspondence of “those in Jerusalem and Judea, the Gerusia, and Judah” to their brethren in Egypt gerusia 560 ENCYCLOPAEDIA JUDAICA, Second Edition, Volume 7 during the early years of the Hasmonean rebellion (II Macc. 1:10). When Jonathan became leader of the Jewish nation, the office of high priest was apparently formally recognized as representative of the people, and thus in a correspondence with the Spartans “Jonathan the high priest and the Gerusia” are listed together (I Macc. 12: 6; Jos., Ant. 13, 166). It would be a mistake, however, to identify the Gerusia, which appears to be a permanent representative body of elders dating back to the Persian period (cf. Judith 4:8, 11: 14, 15:8), with the “Great Assembly” (keneset ha-gedolah), a body representing the total Jewish population of Palestine, and convened only when important constitutional decisions were taken. The “elders” are thus mentioned as a part of the Great Assembly that appointed Simeon high priest and leader of the Jewish nation (I Macc. 14:28). It is feasible, however, that the Gerusia eventually evolved into what became known as the “Sanhedrin” of Jerusalem, although the precise date of the introduction of this term is unknown (cf. H. Mantel, Studies in the History of the Sanhedrin (1961), 49–50, 61–62, for a summation of the numerous views on this problem). According to Philo (Flaccus, 10:74) there also existed a Jewish Gerusia in Alexandria, which during the rule of Augustus replaced the previous form of local Jewish leadership, the ethnarchate. Bibliography: S.B. Hoenig, Great Sanhedrin (1953); Y.M. Grintz, Sefer Yehudit (1957), 105. [Isaiah Gafni] Demotion of the classical leadership and promotion of the grass roots leadership. Anshei Knesset Hagedola- town hall meeting. Gerusia- democratic elect party which was in touch with the sovereign leaders EZ- shift to new mode of leadership with Rabbis and reworking the system with new leadership dynamic. We will learn how they interacted and viewed the leader. 10/9/2013 9:21 AM Ezra 3 7th Month: They laid the foundation Beginning 538th 520 is when the building picks up again with Chaggai Zecharia According to EZ, there was always a functioning leader Job of the Leader- Liason with Persia, religious leader, rebuking the people 538-520 Between these years Sheshbatzar falls to the side Zerubavel is active from the beginning, as seen in Chaggi Zecharia say that the rebuilding will continue Zecharia 1 Year 521 GET NOTES Zechairia 8 According to Zechaira, history is starting again now in the time of Darius EN 3- things started in 538, but there was a pause because of a little snag, but then everything picked up again! How we conceive history is different based on your surroundings and location Sovereignty in Israel ended According to Melachim- when the BH was destroyed, and according to Yirmiyahu Yirmiyahu- when Gedalia was murdered. How we see history- all about the leaders NEO-BABYLONIAN CYRUS (559-530) CAMBYSES (530-522) DARIUS I (522-486) Religious and politica...
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This document was uploaded on 02/25/2014 for the course BIBLE 3857 at Yeshiva.

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