Chapter 10 Suicide - Chapter 10 Suicide Suicide is one of...

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Chapter 10 Suicide Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in the world Parasuicides – failed suicide attempts Suicide is not classified as a mental disorder in the DSM-IV-TR Shneidman defines suicide as an intentioned death – a self-inflicted death in which one makes an intentional, direct, and conscious effort to end one’s life o Four types of suicide seekers Death seekers – clearly intend to end their lives Death initiators – intend to end their lives because they believe that the process of death is already underway Death ignorers – do not believe that their self-inflicted death will mean the end of their existence Death darers – have ambivalent feelings about death and show this in the act itself o subintentional death - When individuals play indirect, hidden, partial, or unconscious roles in their own deaths how is suicide studied o Retrospective analysis – a kind of psychological autopsy o Studying people who survive their suicide attempts Patterns and statistics o Religious devoutness o Women have a higher attempt rate (3x men) o Men have a higher completion rate (4x women) o Guns are used in nearly two-thirds of male suicides in the U.S., compared to 40% of female suicides o Divorced people have a higher suicide rate than married or cohabiting individuals o The suicide rate of white Americans is almost twice as high as that of African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Asian Americans o A major exception to this pattern is the very high suicide rate of Native Americans, which overall is 1.5 times the national average What triggers suicide o
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