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Exam 2 Study Guide

Exam 2 Study Guide - EXAM 2 Chapter 5(pg 91 98 Chapter 6(pg...

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EXAM 2 - Chapter 5 (pg. 91 – 98) - Chapter 6 (pg. 100 – 114) - Chapter 7 (pg. 115 – 126) - Chapter 8 (pg. 127 – 140) - Chapter 9 (pg. 141 – 151) - & also pg. 354-356, 363-379, 385-390, 392-393, 402-405, 407-408, 411-413, 419-420, 422, & 435-437 - procedures for producing prints in the principal mediums discussed in lecture - ingredients of the types of paints discussed in Chapter 7 - characteristics of stylistic movements discussed in lecture o Abstract Expressionism : An art movement, primarily in painting, that originated in the US in the 1940s & remained strong through the 1950s. Artists working in many different styles emphasized spontaneous personal expression in large paintings that are abstract or nonrepresentational. One type of Abstract Expressionism is called action painting. Cubism (Analytical & Synthetic) :The most influential style of the 20th century, developed in Paris by Picasso & Braque, beginning in 1907. The early mature phase of the style, called ANALYTICAL CUBISM , lasted from 1909 through 1911. Cubism in based on the simultaneous presentation of multiple views, disintegration, & geometric reconstruction of subjects in flattened, ambiguous pictorial space; figure & ground merge into one interwoven surface of shifting planes. Color is limited to neutrals. By 1912, the more decorative phase called SYNTHETIC (or collage) CUBISM began to appear; it was characterized by fewer, more solid forms, conceptual rather than observed subject matter, & richer color & texture. De Stijl :A Dutch purist art movement begun during WWI by Mondrian & others. It involved painters, sculptors, designers, & architects whose works & ideas were expressed in De Stijl magazine. De Stijl, Dutch for “the style,” was aimed at creating a universal language of form that would be independent of individual emotion. Visual form was pared down to primary colors plus black & white, & rectangular shapes. The movement was influential primarily in architecture. Fauvism : A style of painting introduced in Paris in the early twentieth century, characterized by areas of bright, contrasting color & simplified shapes. The name les fauves is French for “the wild beasts”. Impressionism : A style of painting that originated in France about 1870. (The first Impressionist exhibit was held in 1874.) Paintings of casual subjects were executed outdoors using divided brush strokes to capture the light & mood of a particular moment & the transitory effects of natural light & color. Minimalism : A nonrepresentational style of sculpture & painting, usually severely restricted in the use of visual elements & often consisting of simple geometric shapes of masses. The style came to prominence in the late 1960s. Photorealism : A style of painting that became prominent in the 1970s, based on the cool objectively of photographs as records of subjects. Pop Art : A style of painting & sculpture that developed in the late 1950s & early 1960s, in Britain & the US based on the visual clichés, subject matter, & impersonal style of popular mass-media imagery.
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