Roman Lecture Terms

Roman Lecture Terms - Classics 20 Discovering the Romans...

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Classics 20 Discovering the Romans Lecture Terms Origins of Rome: Myths and History Geography: Etruria, in northern Italy, ruled by the Etruscans, separated by Lower Gaul by Alps. Latium, run by Latins and Sabines, located in central Italy, with Campania, run by Greeks and Ocans, located in southern Italy. Apennine’s divide Italy vertically. Palatine Hill: Found post holes and Iron Age huts. Found Etruscan funeral urns, remnants of Roman palazzos, hill founded by Romulus. Livy (Titus Livius) : Born Padua (Patavium) 59BC, wrote “The Rise of Rome”, outlined the origins of Rome, while keeping in context with Civil war and leadership by Augustus. Presents the “politically correct view”, and then the more likely account. Aeneas: Son of Anchises and goddess Venus . Warrior at Troy who flees to Latium after defeat by Greeks. Marries Lavinia , has son Ascanius who founds Alba Longa. He has twin Sons, Numitor and Amulius . Rivalry leads Amulius to usurp thrown, God of war Mars rapes Numitor’s daughter Rhea Silvia , has twin sons; Romulus and Remus . Left on bank of Tiber, saved by a wolf, found by a herdsman Faustulus . Romulus and Remus : Have joint power, dispute over location of capitol of city. Remus breeches Romulus’s walls, and is murdered. Romulus finishes building his city, Rome, on the Palatine hill. Ruled as king, began all institutions, and was either slain by the senate, or disappeared mysteriously. Rape of the Sabines : Romulus invites Sabines to a festival and claims the women for themselves because of few Roman women. Battles stopped by Sabine women, who convinced both sides for truce. Sabines and Rome became allies with joint leadership. Family, Religion and Society Paterfamilias : The father and Head of the household. Had legal rights over the children, could whip, imprison, sell, or kill. Could free salves, must be Roman, and one per house. Gens : Group of families who shared a common belief or ancestor. Most were centered around family, but became politically oriented later. Aristocratic gentes had all political, religious, and military power. Roman names: The praenomen was the first name, and common name. The nomen was the surname of the family, usually ending in “ius”, and the cognomen used to identify a nickname, achievement, or insult. Women took family name, with cognomen if plural. Patronus and Clients: A relationship between Patrons and clients, in which they had mutual obligations to each other. Patrons gave plebs economic and political protection, and plebs gave patrons contributions. Patrician and Plebeian : “The struggle of the Orders”(450BC – 287BC, political struggle between plebs and patricians. Plebs sought for equality for 200 years, created tribunes and Council of Plebs, even settled by lex hortensia, which gave equal weight to the laws of the Senate AND the council of Plebs. Numa Pompilius:
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Roman Lecture Terms - Classics 20 Discovering the Romans...

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