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Chemistry Charts

# Chemistry Charts - Metric and SI Units and Some Useful...

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Metric and SI Units and Some Useful conversion Factors (back cover) Length SI unit meter (m) Volume SI unit cubic meter (m 3 ) 1 meter (m) = 100 centimeters (cm) 1 liter (L) = 1000 milliliters (mL) 1 meter (m) = 1000 millimeters (mm) 1 mL = 1 cm 3 1 cm = 10 mm 1 L = 1.06 quart (qt) 1 kilometer (km) = 0.6214 mile (mi) 1 qt = 946 mL 1 inch (in.) = 2.54 cm (exact) Temperature SI unit Kelvin (K) Pressure SI Unit pascal (Pa) ˚F = 1.8(˚C) + 32 1 atm = 760 mm Hg ˚C = (˚F – 32) 1 atm = 760 torr 1.8 1 mole (STP) = 22.4 L K = ˚C + 273 Mass SI unit kilogram (kg) Energy SI unit joule (J) 1 kilogram (kg) = 1000 grams (g) 1 calorie (cal) = 4.184 J 1 g = 1000 milligrams (mg) 1 kcal = 1000 cal 1 kg = 2.20 lb Water 1 lb = 454 g Heat of fusion = 80 cal/g 1 mole = 6.02 x 10 23 particles Heat of vaporization = 540 cal/g Water SH = 4.184 J/g˚C Density = 1.00 g/mL Prefixes for Metric (SI) Units (back cover) Prefix Symbol Power of Ten ∙Values greater than 1 giga G 10 9 mega M 10 6 kilo k 10 3 Values less than 1 deci d 10 -1 centi c 10 -2 milli m 10 -3 micro µ 10 -6 nano n 10 -9

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Formulas and Charges of Some Common Cations (back cover) Cations (Fixed Charge) 1+ 2+ 3+ Li + lithium Mg 2+ magnesium Al 3+ aluminum Na + sodium Ca 2+ calcium K + potassium Sr 2+ strontium NH 4 + ammonium Ba 2+ barium H 3 O + hydronium Cations with Variable Valence 1+ or 2+ 1+ or 3+ Cu + copper(I) Cu 2+ copper(II) Au + gold(I) Au 3+ gold(III) 2+ or 3+ 2+ or 4+ Fe 2+ iron(II) Fe 3+ iron(III) Sn 2+ tin(II) Sn 4+ tin(IV) Cr 2+ chromium(II) Cr 3+ chromium(III) Pb 2+ lead(II) Pb 4+ lead(IV) Formulas and Charges of Some Common Anions (back cover) 1- 2- 3- F - fluoride Br - bromide O 2- oxide N 3- nitride Cl - chloride I - iodide S 2- sulfide P 3- phosphide Polyatomic Ions HCO 3 - hydrogen carbonate (bicarbonate) C 2 H 3 O 2 - acetate CN - cyanide SCN - thiocyanate NO 3 - nitrate NO 2 - nitrite H 2 PO 4 - dihydrogen phosphate HPO 4 - hydrogen phosphate PO 4 3- phosphate H 2 PO 3 - dihydrogen phosphite HPO 3 2- hydrogen phosphite PO 3 3- phosphite HSO 4 - hydrogen sulfate (bisulfate) SO 4 2- sulfate HSO 3 - hydrogen sulfite (bisulfite) SO 3 2- sulfite ClO 3 - chlorate ClO 2 -
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Chemistry Charts - Metric and SI Units and Some Useful...

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