History Notes - Aftermath of WWI Interwar Germany WWI and...

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Aftermath of WWI Interwar Germany WWI and WWII are tied closely together Germany was never forced to surrender, but chose to do so. The Peacemakers Woodrow Wilson, George Clemenceau (prime minister of France), and David Lloyd George (Britain): responsible for the Treaty of Versailles . An Italian was present but dropped out early because Britain and France didn’t give the land they bribed Italy away from Germany with. Makes Italy mad. Italy becomes Fascist. Wilson will make biggest mark on treaty. His ideas drive it. Germans felt like they were unfairly blamed for the war. They had to sign the treaty, though, since they surrendered unconditionally. Russia drops out via treaty of Brest-Litvsk so Germany takes their men fighting Russia and tries to gang up on France. Use submarines to stop US supplies. US comes in before they can stop France so they gang up on Germany. Germany has to drop out then and surrender unconditionally. Versailles Conference Groups of people come with requests and petitions. Came from all over. Eg., Give me land? Unoccupy my country? Etc. Ho Chi Men was there, trying to get France out of Endo-China. Didn’t gain support. Hall of Mirrors The Successor States Treaty redrew the map of Europe into “successor states”. Woodrow Wilson thought this was key to creating democracy over there. Polish Corridor stuck between two parts of Germany. This gave Poland the City of Danzig. Destruction of German Army Treaty gave Germany the limit of 100,000 troops, as compared to the 1-2 million before. Not allowed to have destructive weapons, only handguns and rifles. Treaty also ordered the destruction of all German Military boats, planes, tanks, etc. Germans destroyed most of it. There was only one German Navy battle in WWI at Jutland. Most equipment went to waste. France insisted on these parts of the treaty, but US and Britain didn’t really care since they weren’t located next to Germany.
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Reparations Payment for damages caused in the war. Uncommon at this time in history. German charged 132 billion marks (equivalent to 33 billion US dollars). France demands it, Britain doesn’t care, and US disagrees. Most of France was destroyed in the war. Article 231: The War Guilt Clause Germany is singled out as causing the war and “all the losses.” They disagree, but must sign since they surrendered unconditionally. Germany refers to it as “dictie” – the dictated treaty. The League of Nations Wilson’s idea for collective security. An early version of the UN. Germany not invited to join. Russia not invited to join because they’re communist by now. United States never joins. Congress would not ratify treaty, which they had to do for the US to join. Wilson was democrat and concerned with globalism, but Congress was republican, which wanted to stay at home. Three of the most important countries were not even in the League.
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HIST 112 taught by Professor Blackburn during the Spring '08 term at University of Louisiana at Monroe.

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History Notes - Aftermath of WWI Interwar Germany WWI and...

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