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internode, flower, leaf, petiole, stem, taproot, branch roots, root system, shoot system.
• List the differences between monocots and dicots.
• Define: meristem, apical meristem, lateral meristem, primary growth, secondary growth.
• Make a table of the types of plant tissues. Include the three main types of tissues (dermal, ground,
vascular), the subtypes listed in the text (epidermal, periderm, parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma,
xylem, phloem), and the primary functions of each type.
• List the types of cells that make up xylem tissue, and state their functions.
• List the types of cells that make up phloem tissue, and state their functions.
• Define: leaf, blade, petiole, vascular bundle, stomata, guard cells, palisade mesophyl, spongy mesophyl.
• State the functions of the following stem parts: epidermis, cortex, pith, vascular tissue, vascular cambium.
• Define: heartwood, sapwood, annual rings. State what tissues give rise to these.
• State what bark on a tree is, and what tissues give rise to it.
• State the differences between fibrous roots and tap roots.
• “Woody tissue growth animation” http://www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/forestbiology/cambium2_no_scene_1.swf
explains how trees add girth and how tree rings develop.
• “Stem and Root anatomy” http://waynesword.palomar.edu/trjune99.htm is a lengthy article with many
pictures and interesting trivia about plant structure.
• “Plant Fibers” http://waynesword.palomar.edu/traug99.htm has lots of information about how different fibers
from plants are used in textiles, paper, and cordage....
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