Immigrants and Ethnic Differences

003 0003 000 0011 0003 0007 0003 041 gifted

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Unformatted text preview: 74 (0.030) -0.013 (0.033) 0.04 0.013 (0.032) 0.053 (0.029) 0.34 -0.015 (0.003) -0.003 (0.003) 0.00 -0.011 (0.003) -0.007 (0.003) 0.41 Gifted classification -0.009 (0.002) -0.005 (0.002) Notes: Standard errors adjusted for student-level clustering (in cases of multiple observations per student) are in parentheses. Regressions control for unique name, sex and birth order. Grade-point average and gifted regressions also control for mathematics test scores. 30 Fortin – Econ 560 Lecture 4B 3. Ethnic Differences and Issues with Immigrants’ Outcomes Ethnicity and religion are other sources of differences across individuals that can lead to discrimination in labour market outcomes. In Canada, the differences in labour market outcomes of English and French speakers are particularly salients. Albouy (2008) finds that the wage differential between Francophone and Anglophone men from 1970 to 2000 fell by 10 points Canada-wide. o Over half of the reduction in the Canadian Francophone wage gap is explained by rising Francophone education levels. o The decline in the gap was 25 percentage points within Quebec, largely because the wages of Quebec Anglophones fell by 15 points relative to other Canadian Anglophones. D. Albouy (2008) 0 -.05 -.1 -.15 -.25 -.2 Mean Log Wage Difference .05 .1 .15 1218 1970 1980 1985 Year Francophone Wage Gap in Canada 1990 1995 2000 omitted gap in Anglo outside Quebec Francophone Wage Gap in Quebec Francophone Wage Gap outside Quebec Quebec Wage Gap for Anglophones FIGURE 1 Mean hourly wage gap between groups 2.2. The distribution of wage differences We can examine changes in the Francophone and Quebec gaps across the wage distribution by looking at the 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles, graphed in figure 2. The patterns are similar to that of mean wages, with some interesting departures. 9 Both in Canada and in Quebec, the Francophone gap was larger at the upper 9 Although percentile gaps cannot be decomposed linearly the way a mean gap can, it still holds that the Canadian Francophone gap is roughly the sum of the Francophone Quebec gap and the Quebec gap for Anglophones. Fortin – Econ 560 Lecture 4B Oreoupoulos (2009/2011) performed a field experiment in the spirit of Bertrand and Mullainathan sending fake resumes to potential employers in the Toronto (as well as Vancouver and Montreal) area and found 1. Interview request rates for English-named applicants with Canadian education and experience were more than three times higher compared to resumes with Chinese, Indian, or Pakistani names with foreign education and experience (5 percent versus 16 percent), but were no different compared to foreign applicants from Britain. 2. Employers valued experience acquired in Canada much more than if acquired in a foreign country. Changing foreign resumes to include only experience from Canada raised callback rates to 11 percent. 3. Among resumes listing 4 to 6 years of Canadian experience, whether an applicant’s degree was from Canada or not, or whether the applicant obtained additional Canadian educatio...
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