Immigrants and Ethnic Differences

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Unformatted text preview: 76 125 (9) *** −0.001 (0.908) −0.026 (0.560) 0.077 83 (8) ** −0.246* (0.065) −0.026* (0.074) 0.181 (0.219) 0.009 (0.837) 0.030** (0.041) −0.019 (0.680) −0.196** (0.019) (0.010) 0.076 78 0.095 78 0.228 78 a Coefficients displayed are changes in the probability of entering the tournament for a one unit change in the independent variable; p values are given in parentheses. All models include a dummy variable equal to one if the subject played the RC tournament round before the WTA tournament round. All models with risk variables also include a dummy equal to one if risk attitudes were irrational. * Coefficient is significantly different from zero at the 0.10 level. ** Coefficient is significantly different from zero at the 0.05 level. *** Coefficient is significantly different from zero at the 0.01 level. L. Kamas, A. Preston / Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 83 (2012) 82–97 Table 8 Probits – choice to compete in winner-take-all tournament by major.a Fortin – Econ 560 Lecture 4B Differences in negotiation propensities/skills could lead to differences in pay for the very same job. Bowles et al (2005, 2007) study gender differences in the propensity to negotiate Women are less likely to initiate negotiations Women’s performance in negotiation improves when they are negotiating for someone else (not themselves), while men’s performance does not change Women who negotiate are perceived more negatively than men who negotiate Summary of the psychological evidence from laboratory experiments: Risk Aversion: Evidence that women are more risk averse Overconfidence: While both men and women are overconfident, men tend to be substantially more overconfident Competitive Behavior: Women perform more poorly in competitive environments and shy away from such environments Negotiation: Women negotiate less and are less likely to ask (and are perceived more negatively than men when they do) Fortin – Econ 560 Lecture 4B 2.3. Racial Differences in Pre-Market Characteristics and Human Capital The study of racial differences in labour market outcomes is dominated by the study of the relative outcomes of African-American, not doubt because of the sizeable relative population weight (about 12 percent) in the United States, but also because of their dire prospects in terms of other outcomes such as teen pregnancy, rates of incarceration, lower longevity, etc. . In Canada, African (and Caribbean) descent often carries the same wage penalty as in the US, but is overshadowed by the wage penalty associated with Aboriginals ethnicity (Aydemir and Sweetman, 2004). An important study of racial differences in wages is that of Neal and Johnson (1996). They use the NLSY-79, a longitudinal survey of the 1957-1965 birth cohorts which contains information about AFQT (Armed Forces Qualification Test) scores, to show that much of the wage gap between blacks and whites is due to differences at the point of labour market entry in the types of basic skills measured by AFQT. Source: State of Working America, Economic Policy Institute Figure 1 Bruce Western & Percentage of Men Aged Twenty to Thirty-Four in Prison or Jail, by Race/Ethnicity and EducaBecky Pettit tion, 1980 and 2008 on mass incarceration Source: Becky Pettit, Bryan Sykes, and Bruce Western, “Technical Report on...
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This document was uploaded on 02/26/2014 for the course ECON 560 at The University of British Columbia.

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