Immigrants and Ethnic Differences

2 138 54 82 51 373 117 55 138 63 331 102 55 114 60

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Unformatted text preview: 6.3 33.1 10.2 5.5 11.4 6.0 37.2 11.3 5.6 13.2 7.1 37.2 16.2 5.8 7.6 7.5 42.9 18.2 7.2 8.1 9.4 43.2 18.8 7.3 7.1 10.0 2.9 2.6 0.3 3.1 2.8 0.3 3.4 2.1 1.3 4.1 3.0 1.1 4.6 3.2 1.4 4.9 3.4 1.5 6.3 4.3 2.0 50.5 – 44.8 – 42.3 0.2 38.5 * 37.6 0.3 25.1 1.3 16.4 2.7 Primary Not stated Service Personal Protective and other Primary Not stated Note: * less than 0.05 percent – None Source: Meltz (1969, Tables A.2–A.3). CANADIAN PUBLIC P OLICY – ANALYSE DE POLITIQUES, VOL . X XVIII , S UPPLEMENT/ NUM ÉRO S PÉ CIAL 1 2002 Table 1 — Distribution of U.S. Female and Male Workforces — 1950-1990 Occupation Class 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 Managers 4.60 Professionals and Technicians Natural Sciences & Related 0.57 Health & Medical 4.47 Education 5.66 Social Sciences & Related 2.30 Clerical Workers 27.74 Sales 9.87 Private Household Services 8.34 Other Services 11.88 Manual Workers (other than Textile) a Precision Workers 1.49 Operatives & Laborers 18.03 Textile Workers 3.57 Farming, Fishing and Forestry Workers 1.49 4.23 4.06 7.78 12.37 0.79 4.80 6.08 2.20 30.08 10.13 7.34 13.43 2.33 4.80 6.90 2.25 32.87 9.60 3.48 14.90 2.36 5.63 6.44 3.33 31.59 10.05 1.16 15.40 3.15 6.59 6.65 4.53 27.52 10.52 0.86 15.31 1.37 16.02 2.37 1.76 15.06 1.30 2.24 12.41 0.82 2.10 9.07 0.69 1.16 0.68 0.79 0.63 10.96 11.16 11.30 14.16 15.85 2.60 1.04 0.93 1.76 6.45 6.37 0.13 5.84 4.48 1.16 1.44 2.12 6.68 6.72 0.11 5.81 6.46 1.33 2.55 2.61 6.88 6.83 0.06 7.24 6.38 1.70 2.67 3.20 6.55 6.53 0.04 8.50 7.41 2.02 2.53 3.74 6.67 7.27 0.04 9.79 21.17 28.73 0.93 24.29 27.88 0.59 24.44 25.75 0.50 22.17 24.58 0.34 20.07 21.85 0.37 13.09 7.54 4.05 3.19 2.38 Women Men Managers Professionals and Technicians Natural Sciences & Related Health & Medical Education Social Sciences & Related Clerical Workers Sales Private Household Services Other Services Manual Workers (other than Textile)a Precision Workers Operatives & Laborers Textile Workers Farming, Fishing and Forestry Workers Source: N.M. Fortin, “Gender Role Attitudes, Occupational Gender Segregation, and the Gender Wage Gap”. Computed from the IPUMS Historical Censuses from 1950 to 1990, using the OCC1950 variable as the source of the occupation categories. Paid workers aged 16 to 64 selected. a Includes manufacturing, mechanical, construction and transportation workers Fortin – Econ 560 Lecture 4B Over the course of this transformation of women’s work, there were have been some important changes in women’s occupational choices and the gender pay gap, but there has a slowdown in the convergence of men and women’s pay starting in the mid-1990s (Blau and Kahn, 2005; O’Neil, 2003). Stories from Gunderson (2006): “The Lord spoke to Moses and said ‘Speak to the Israelites in these words. When a man makes a special vow to the Lord which requires your valuation of living persons, a male between twenty and fifty years old shall be valued at fifty silver shekels, that is shekels by the sacred standard. If it is a female, she shall...
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This document was uploaded on 02/26/2014 for the course ECON 560 at The University of British Columbia.

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