Immigrants and Ethnic Differences

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Unformatted text preview: 1 imm<=11 imm>=12 Gen2-Mom Gen2-Dad Gen2_Both 2 3 4 -0.231*** [0.050] -0.446*** [0.020] 0.014 [0.041] -0.026 [0.048] 0.021 [0.039] -0.157*** [0.049] -0.219*** [0.020] -0.015 [0.040] -0.068 [0.047] -0.009 [0.038] 0.127*** [0.002] -0.071 [0.054] -0.307*** [0.036] 0.081** [0.041] 0.045 [0.048] 0.132*** [0.043] --- -0.142*** [0.053] -0.242*** [0.035] 0.004 [0.040] -0.068 [0.047] 0.001 [0.042] 0.121*** [0.002] 0.518*** [0.020] 0.205*** [0.027] -0.320*** [0.061] -0.238 [0.206] -0.123*** [0.043] -0.021 [0.037] 0.216*** [0.020] 0.033 [0.038] -0.121*** [0.044] -0.116* [0.063] -0.022 [0.054] Yes 0.184*** [0.022] -0.356*** [0.014] 0.133*** [0.024] 0.077*** [0.022] 0.189*** [0.017] No No 99251 0.0879 326995 0.0148 326995 0.0348 Yrs_schl Married No No 0.535*** [0.020] 0.147*** [0.027] -0.386*** [0.062] -0.29 [0.198] -0.018 [0.045] -0.470*** [0.037] 0.291*** [0.021] 0.058 [0.039] -0.153*** [0.045] -0.044 [0.063] -0.008 [0.055] Yes 99251 0.0213 99251 0.0699 99251 0.0493 Widow, Divorced or Sep. Black Amer. Ind. / Aboriginal Asian/P. Islander Hispanic Urban NY/ Montreal LA / Toronto Miami / Vancouver Chicago State/Prov Indicators Observations 2 R 5 6 0.088*** [0.021] -0.449*** [0.014] 0.059** [0.024] 0.009 [0.022] 0.087*** [0.016] 0.096*** [0.001] Source: US: 1998-2004 CPS; Canada: 2001 Census. Notes: Robust standard errors in brackets. * significant at 10%; ** 5%; *** 1% Each regression also includes a fourth order polynomial in age. Regressions for the US also include six year indicators reflecting the underlying merged set of CPS samples. 7 8 0.027 -0.018 [0.022] [0.022] -0.491*** -0.517*** [0.017] [0.017] 0.001 -0.045* [0.024] [0.024] -0.042* -0.082*** [0.022] [0.022] -0.001 -0.055*** [0.017] [0.017] --0.086*** [0.001] 0.626*** 0.605*** [0.012] [0.012] 0.240*** 0.257*** [0.018] [0.018] -0.362*** -0.373*** [0.051] [0.051] -0.827*** -0.701*** [0.137] [0.138] -0.449*** -0.460*** [0.023] [0.023] -0.099** -0.032 [0.049] [0.049] 0.316*** 0.216*** [0.011] [0.011] -0.025 -0.033 [0.021] [0.021] 0.125*** 0.113*** [0.015] [0.015] 0.063** 0.078*** [0.028] [0.027] --------Yes Yes 326995 0.0389 326995 0.0545 Fortin – Econ 560 Lecture 4B Bourdarbat and Lemieux (2007) find that the relative earnings of immigrants have become more dispersed (relative to Canadian-born) between 1980 and 2000. o Important part of these changes due to a fairly “mechanical” explanation: Canadian-born getting relatively older (more experienced) with the aging of the baby-boom cohort o Once this is adjusted for, remaining changes mostly due to changing language/country of origin (negative) and education (positive). o Return to foreign experience is a big factor too but “offset” in large part by the interaction term (i.e. more catch up in Canada). Picot and Hou (2008) find that much of the decline in entry earnings (perhaps two thirds), from cohorts entering Canada from 2000 to 2005, was concentrated among entering immigrants intending to practice in IT or engineering occupations. Table 5(a): Decomposition of Quantile Wage Gap between Immigra...
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