Immigrants and Ethnic Differences

The sample size is 21058 observations from 2976

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Unformatted text preview: /Huber standard errors computed accounting for the fact that there are multiple observations for each worker. The sample size is 21,058 observations from 2976 individuals. Fortin – Econ 560 Lecture 4B Altonji and Perret (2001) propose a test of racial statistical discrimination using the NLSY79. If premarket discrimination is an important factor in the gap between the average skills of black and white workers, a statistically discriminating firm might use race, along with education and other information to predict the productivity of new workers. Over time however, the productivity of the worker would become apparent, and compensation would be based on the larger information that accumulates with experience rather than on race and the racial gap should not increase with experience. Empirically, they find that the race gap increases substantially with experience and thus find little support for statistical discrimination. Grogger (2008) find that distinctly different speech patterns among blacks using audio data from the NLSY97 cohort are highly correlated with measures of skill such as schooling and ASVAB scores. They are also negatively correlated with the wages of young workers. Source: Grogger (2008) Table 7: Share of Speakers Distinctly Perceived by Listeners, by Race and ASVAB Quartile Speaker’s White Black Total race/ethnicity: ASVAB Quartile Lowest (1) 0.76 38 (2) 0.82 45 (4) 0.80 83 Second 0.83 53 0.72 29 0.79 82 Third 0.81 64 0.50 18 0.74 82 Highest 0.84 75 0.25 8 0.78 83 Total 0.82 230 0.69 100 0.78 330 Notes: Within each cell, the top number is the share distinctly perceived and the bottom number is the cell size. Fortin – Econ 560 Lecture 4B He finds that Black workers whose speech is distinctly identified as black earn ten percent less than comparably skilled whites. Their indistinctly identified counterparts earn only two percent less. These wage differentials are partially consistent with a signaling model, but with other models as well as such the Austin-Smith and Fryer model or Becker’s model of taste-based discrimination. Source: Figlio (2003) Table 3: Family Fixed Effect Regressions: Effects of Naming on Black Children’s Outcomes Mean effect of fraction receiving name who are Black Mean effect of fraction receiving name who are Black – Children with same father Mean effect of fraction receiving name who are Black – Siblings born within two years of one another Mean effect of fraction receiving name who are Black – Twins Males Females p-value of difference Oldest sibling Younger sibling p-value of difference Math test score -2.016 (0.783) -1.602 (0.977) Dependent variable Maximum Gradegrade point attained average 0.329 0.034 (0.257) (0.022) 0.065 0.061 (0.262) (0.031) -1.418 (0.875) 0.123 (0.240) 0.063 (0.028) -0.005 (0.003) -2.362 (2.321) 0.357 (0.495) 0.152 (0.148) -0.032 (0.023) -2.956 (1.046) -0.854 (1.136) 0.12 -1.683 (1.105) -2.217 (1.022) 0.71 0.537 (0.184) 0.071 (0.203) 0.08 0.278 (0.179) 0.404 (0.201) 0.62 0.0...
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