Stupid understanding of Existentialism.pdf - A CRITICAL...

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A CRITICAL STUDY OF EXISTENTIALISTIC VIEWOF EDUCATION AND ITS RELEVANCE TOHUMAN EXISTENCE AND PROGRESSABSTRACTOFTHETHESISSUBMITTED FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE OFl o c t o rof$l|tIo£(opIipINEDUCATIONBYIRAM AZHARUNDER THE SUPERVISION OFPROF. ROQUIYA ZAINUDDINDEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAUGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITYALIGARH (INDIA)2013
AbstractExistentialism is primarily, a reaction to and a voice of protest against, all therationalistic and speculative philosophies. It emphasizes human existence and thequalities which are distinctive in man. It signifies restoration of man to himselfandcallshim to face the problems and to realize the possibilities of his own existence as a"concrete individual." Existentialism is a philosophy concerned withfindingselfandthemeaning of life through free will, choice and personal responsibility.Existentialism has both theistic and atheistic forms. Theistic Existentialistsconsider God to be 'the source of one's being', 'the ground of all being', or 'one'sultimate concern'. Religious existentialists include Soren Kierkegaard, Karl Jaspers,Gabriel Marcel, Martin Buber and Paul Tillich. The atheistic existentialists'presuppositions and belief systems preclude any supernatural or any idea of God.Atheistic existentialists include Jean-Paul Sartre, Martin Heidegger, Simone de Beauvoirand Albert Camus.Atheistic view of existentialism from our point of view does not leave a strongimpression. Now thousands of studies prove the spiritual nature of man. Man is notsimply a material being but in essence is spiritual. When man comes to understandhimself he also realizes his spiritual nature and the existence of God. A famous Sufisdictum is "one who knowshimself,knows his lord". So self actualization through selfanalysis and self progress will eventually lead to spiritual realization.Justification ofthestudy:Existentialism came into existence as a consequence of tragic events of the twoWorld Wars especially the Second World War.1
Existentialism started gaining ground and enthusiasm in the beginning oftwentieth century with the support of some very original and forceful writers andthinkers. Now a great number of scholars and writers have been attempting to criticallyexamine and interpret existentialism in all its shades and aspects. As a result conceptsand issues of existentialism have been explored and treated at length and in depth, ifnotexhaustively. But the question is whether existentialism is meeting the demands ofpresent society. In present society, man's existence is in danger, he is depressed andregressed, there is need to secure man's existence and bring him out of depression andlead toward progress. In such situation existentialist themes and more importantly itseducational implications acquire great importance as education is considered animportant tool for solving the problems of the modem society. Existentialism, through itsthemes and educational programmes can combat all those forces that tend to dehumanize

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