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Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar - Garcia 1 Kris Garcia 2105198 POT 3013...

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Garcia 1 Kris Garcia 2105198 POT 3013 Julius Caesar Julius Caesar was a Roman military and political leader and is known to be one of the most influential men in world history. Many historians have credited Caesar for the transformation of what was then the Roman Republic into what we know now as the Roman Empire. If it was not for Julius Caesar, many of today’s modern form of governments would not exist because of the style of government he used while in power in Rome. His ideas and philosophies on government can also be easily compared to those given and expressed in modern society. Caesar was born into a wealthy family known to be patricians and they claimed to be descendants of lulus, son of the Trojan prince Aeneas who was the alleged son of the goddess Venus (Canfora). His family was not known to be very influential in politics only because they had three members be consuls, but his father was ranked as high as praetor, which was the second highest rank in the Republic magistracies, and he also governed what was then, the province of Asia. Although his father’s family had not many influential members in the senate, his mother’s side of the family produced several consuls who were known to have some power in that faction of government. There is not much written about Caesar’s childhood, as most records date between the years of his early adulthood until his death in 44 BC (Canfora).
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Garcia 2 In between the years 91 to 88 BC the Social War was fought between Rome and its Italian allies over an issue regarding Roman citizenship. This divided Roman politics into two different factions, the optimates and the populares. The optimates heavily favored aristocratic rule through the senate, while the populares preferred a direct appeal to the electorate when it came to ruling on an issue. Caesar’s uncle, Marius, was a popularis and was heavily involved in this Social War against his protégé and rival Lucius Cornelius Sulla who was an optimas (Meier). Both of them fought for command of the war, which was initially given to Sulla, but when he left the city for his army, a tribune was passed giving the appointment to Marius. After this occurred, Sulla returned and exiled Marius, until he then returned with an army of his own and took over the city and even after his death in 86 BC his followers still marched on (Meier). After his father’s death in 85 BC, Julius Caesar was appointed the head of his household. The year after, he was nominated to be the new high priest of Jupiter because of the death of the previous high priest. The only thing that was holding Caesar from holding this position was the fact that he had to marry a patrician, but he was already engaged to a girl of a wealthy equestrian family so he broke off the marriage with her and married Cornelia, the daughter of a patrician family. In 82 BC, Sulla appointed himself dictator and had no limit to his term. He went on to destroy statues of the dead Marius and even went on to exhume his body and kill any political enemies he had at the time.
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