Chapter 9 thought, language, and intelligence

Analytical intelligence involves the kinds of

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Unformatted text preview: d intelligence: ability to apply previously acquired knowledge to current problems; depends on retrieval abilities of long term memory Fluid intelligence: ability to deal with novel problem solving situations for which personal experiences does not provide a solution (eg. Tower of Hanoi) Depends on the ability to reason abstractly, think logically, and manage information in working memory Crystallized intelligence generally improves with age and fluid intelligence decreases in late adulthood - Multiple intelligences: beyond mental competencies Some psychologists claim that intelligences may be conceived more broadly as independent intelligences tha relate to different adaptive demands Defines 6 different intelligences 1. Linguistic 2. Mathematical 3. Visual spatial 4. Musical (ability to perceive pitch and rhythm) 5. Body kinesthetic (ability to control body movements and skilfully manipulate objects) 6. Personal (understanding ourselves and others) First 3 are measured by intelligence tests Studies brain damaged people, who are disabled in the general sense but exhibit striking skills in specific areas such as the ability to memorize television commercials word for word - Emotional Intelligence Emotional intelligence involves the ability to read others' emotions accurately, to respond to them appropriately, to motivate oneself, to be aware of one's own emotions and to regulate and control one's own emotional responses They tend to form stronger emotional bonds with others, enjoy greater success in careers, marriage, and childbearing Seems to have a higher quality of life than those with higher mental intelligence CognitiveProcessApproaches:ProcessesUnderlyingIntelligentThinking - Cogitive process theories try to explain why people vary in intelligence by relating the types of individual variation described in the psychometric approach to the cognitive skills Sternberg's triarchic theory - His triarchic theory of intelligence addresses both the psychological processes involved in intelligent behavior and the diverse forms that intelligence can take - Divides cognitive processes that contribute to intelligent behavior into three specific classes: metacomponents, performance...
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This document was uploaded on 02/26/2014 for the course PSYCHO 1000 at UWO.

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