Chapter 9 thought, language, and intelligence

Two years of age and code mixing is not a lasting

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Unformatted text preview: perant conditioning Most parents do not correct their children's grammar and language skills Parents are more interested in the deep structure and not the surface structure - By 2 years of age, children utter two word sentences called telegraphic speech that consist of a noun and a verb Bilingualism:LearningaSecondLanguage - Much of the vocabulary of a language can be learned at any age, but mastery of the syntax depends on early acquisition - One concern is that children will mix and match the two languages Children begin to differentiate their two languages by two years of age and code mixing is not a lasting source of confusion - Bilingual students show superior cognitive processing when compared to monolinguists - Greater flexibility in thinking and better performance in standardized tests correlate positively with bilingualism - Bilinguists who are proficient in the second language and acquired it during an early age showed processing in the same cortical area as the first language - Those who acquire a second language later on in life with speaks with less proficiency uses a different area than that of the native language Psych 1000 My Notes Page 70 uses a different area than that of the native language LinguisticInfluencesonThinking - Benjamin Lee Whorf: Linguistic relativity hypothesis; language determines what we are capable of thinking Eg. Since Hopi Indians lack a past tense, they would have difficulty remembering past events - Eleanor Rosch proved this false Showed a group of people who only differentiated two colors They could differentiate many hues just like people speaking any other language - Linguists today thinks that language do no determine how we think but can influence how we think and how eff...
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This document was uploaded on 02/26/2014 for the course PSYCHO 1000 at UWO.

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