chapter 8 memory

Memory the recency effect is because the last few

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Unformatted text preview: inning and the end of the list - The serial position effect means that recall is influenced by its position of appearance in a series of items Primacy Effect: superior recall of early words Recency Effect: superior recall of most recent words - According to the three stage model, The short term memory gets filled up by the words that keep coming in It can rehearse them all, so the new words are not transferred into the long term memory - The recency effect is because the last few words are not bumped out of the short term memory by any new information If you were asked to wait 30 seconds after the last word and your mind is kept occupied doing something else, the recency effect disappears Encoding:EnteringInformation EffortfulandAutomaticProcessing - Effortful processing is encoding that is initiated intentionally and requires conscious attention - Automatic processing is stuff that gets transferred into long term memory even though you have not consciously tried to encode it Eg. Remembering where you saw a diagram is located on the page LevelsofProcessing:WhenDeeperisBetter - Eg. 1. POTATO "Is the word in capital letters?" 2. Horse "Does the word rhyme with course?" 3. TABLE "Does the word fit in the sentence, "the man peeled the ____?" - Question 1 requires superficial structural encoding since you only have to notice how the word looks - Question 2 requires phonological encoding by sound out the words and judging whether it rhymes with another word - Question 3 requires semantic encoding because you have to pay attention to what the word means - Levels of Processing states that the more deeply we process information the better it will be remembered - Semantic coding requires the deepest level Requires us to focus on the meaning of the information ExposureandRehearsal - To learn factual or conceptual information, we need to employ effortful, deep processing Repeated shallow exposure to a stimulus does not guarantee long term retention Psych 1000 My Notes Page 61 Repeated shallow exposure to a stimulus does not guarantee long term retention - Maintenance rehearsal involves repetition and is most useful for keeping information active in short term, working memory but is an inefficient in transfer to long term memory - Elaborative rehearsal focuses on the meaning of information and is more effective in transferring into long term memory OrganizationandImagery - How does a waiter remember orders for large groups of people without writing them down There are hundreds of possible course options possible - He does so by using an organizational scheme Hierarchies and Chunking - Hierarchies helps the brain organize and remember information - Each level of the hierarchy help trigger the ones below it - Chunking refers to combining individual items into a larger unit of meaning Eg. Chunking phone numbers into sets of 3 letters Mnemonic Devices - A type of memory aid Eg. HOMES (the first letter of the five great lakes) and ROY G. BIV - Does not reduc...
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This document was uploaded on 02/26/2014 for the course PSYCHO 1000 at UWO.

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