chapter 1 History and Therioes

Doingsomethingoutofcharacterandsomethingthatyouwerenot

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Unformatted text preview: yas childrenmature Cognitiveapproachestopsychologicaldisorders  ­ AlbertEllisandAaronBecktriedtounderstandhowmentaldistortionsandirrationalthoughts patternscreateemotionalproblems  ­ Distressandmaladaptivebehaviorisnotonlycausedbyexternalfactorsbutbythewaywe thinkaboutthesituations ModernCognitiveScience  ­ Artificialintelligencedevelopscomputermodelsofcomplexhumanthought,reasoning,and problemsolving  ­ Bycreatingmodelsthatduplicatenaturalcognitiveprocess,abetterunderstandingofhow humansthinkcanbegained o Eg.Therearecomputerizedmedicaldiagnosticsystemsthatarebasedonthethought processofeminentphysicians  ­ HebbwroteabookcalledTheorganizationofbehavior:Aneuropsychologicaltheory o repeatedusageisassociatedincarryingoutresponsesmoreeffectively(practicemakes perfect) SocialConstructivism  ­ SocialConstructivismclaimsthatalargepartofwhatpeopleconsiderrealityisalargepartof ourmentalcreation  ­ Alittlepartofsharedrealityexists PsychodynamicPerspective:TheForcesWithin  ­ Psychodynamicperspectivesearchesforthecausesofbehaviorwithintheworkingsofour personalityandtheroleofunconsciousprocesses o Eg.Doingsomethi...
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