chapter 1 History and Therioes

Ifweseesomeonedosomethingeffectivewestoreitinourmemory

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Unformatted text preview: oftheirpresence o Theseanxietiesarecopedwiththroughdefensemechanisms o Oneofthemostimportantisrepression,whichprotectsusbykeepingimpulses,feelings, andmemoriesintheunconsciouspartofthemind o Theyremainthereasasourceofenergy,strivingforrelease  ­ SomeofFreud’sresearchwascontradicted,andsomeotherswerevalidated o Ithelpedstimulatethedevelopmentofnewtheoriesaswellaspromotenewresearch CurrentDevelopments  ­ Scientistsworkingwithinthebiologicalperspectivehaveidentifiedbrainmechanismsthatcan produceemotionalreactionsofwhichweareconsciouslyunaware  ­ Cognitivescientistshaveshownthatmanyaspectsofinformationprocessingoccuroutsideof ourawareness Behavioural Perspective: The Power of the Environment  ­ Focusesontheroleoftheexternalenvironmentinshapingandgoverningouractions  ­ People’sbehaviorisjointlydeterminedbylearnedhabitsfromtheirlifeexperienceorfrom theirimmediateenvironment OriginsoftheBehaviouralPerspective  ­ Behaviouralperspectivecomesfroma17th centuryschoolofphilosophyknownasBritish empiricism o Allideasandknowledgearegainedempirically(throughthesenses) o Humansareablanksheetofpaperandisdifferentiatedbyexperience...
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