chapter 1 History and Therioes

Kohlerplacedabananaoutofreachofanapebutputaboxnearthe

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Unformatted text preview: becausetheyanalyzedthemindin termsofitsbasicelements Psych 1000 My Notes Page 1 termsofitsbasicelements  ­ Theybelievedthatsensationsarethebasicelementsofconsciousness,andtheystudieditby usingintrospection  ­ Structuralismeventuallydiedoutandgavewaytofunctionalism,whichstudiesthefunctionsof consciousness  ­ Gestaltpsychologywasconcernedwithhowelementsofexperienceareorganizedintoawhole o itarguesthatthesumofallperceptionsisgreaterthananddifferentfromtheindividual parts o Kohlerisaleaderinthisfield,andstudiedAnimalsontheCanaryIslandsduringWWI o Heconcludedthattheabilitytoperceiverelationshipsistheessenceofintelligenceand thatinsightistheperceptionofausefulrelationshiporsolutiontoaproblem(ana ­HA moment) Eg.Kohlerplacedabananaoutofreachofanape,butputaboxnearthe ape.Theapefiguredouthowtousetheboxtoreachthebanana. Piaget:Cognitivedevelopmentinchildren  ­ Piagetspent50yearsstudyinghowchildrenthink,reason,andsolveproblems  ­ Piagetconcludedthatnewandspecificstagesofcognitivedevelopmentunfoldnaturall...
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