chapter 1 History and Therioes

Oneofthemajorculturaldifferencesisindividualismvscolle

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Unformatted text preview: Behaviourism  ­ Behaviourismisaschoolofthoughtthatemphasizesenvironmentalcontrolofbehavior throughlearning  ­ JohnB.Watsonwasagainststructuralists,functionalists,andpsychoanalystsandarguedthat properpsychologyshouldbebasedonobservableactions  ­ Structuralistsbelievethatoneisonlyinfluencedbyoutsideforcesandnottheirinnate tendencies  ­ Behaviouristsdonotfocusonwhat’ outside  ­ B.F.Skinnerwasafamousbehaviourist  ­ Behaviourmodificationispossiblebyalteringtheenvironmentalfactorsthatstimulate behavior CognitiveBehaviourism  ­ CognitiveBehaviourismisanattempttocombinebehaviouralandcognitiveperspectivesto makeamorecomprehensivetheory  ­ Thistheorystatesthattheenvironmentgivesustheknowledgetobehaveeffectively o Eg.Ifweseesomeonedosomethingeffective,westoreitinourmemoryanduseitfor later The Humanistic Perspective: Freedom and Self ­Actualization  ­ Humanisticperspectiveemphasizesaperson’sinnatetendenciestowardgrowthandtofind ultimatemeaninginexistence o Itemphasizestheroleoftheinternalthoughtprocess  ­ Humanistsbelievethateverypersonstrivestowardself ­actualization personalpotential Psych 1000 My Notes Page 3 personalpotential  ­ Terrormanagementtheorystatesthataninnatedesireforcontinuedlife,combinedwiththe uniquelyhumanawarenessofdeath,createsanexistentialterror o Culturesdealwithitbyusuallycreatinganafterlifeandcreatesastandardforpersonal valueandsomehopefortranscendingdeath  ­ Peoplewholiveuptotheircult...
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This document was uploaded on 02/26/2014 for the course PSYCHO 1000 at UWO.

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