World System Today - Fukuyama, Huntington, Mahbubani

Newchallenges religion notincompatiblewithafreemarket

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Unformatted text preview: r Frankfurt, 1945 XXth Century: Failed challenges to XXth Century: Failed challenges to free market liberal democratic state •Communism fails – Communism organizes the society around economic production – Free market societies were far more successful economically: they provided more goods to more people Chernobyl nuclear power plant, 1986 New Challenges? New Challenges? • Religion? – Not incompatible with a free market democracy (although most religions condone slavery) • Nationalism? – Will eventually be assimilated and tamed Implications for Global Economy Implications for Global Economy • Free trade will prevail • All who wish to prosper must join free trade system Implications for war Implications for war There will be wars: ­ within the countries still in a “historical phase” ­ occasionally between “historical” countries and those who have reached The End of History Samuel Huntington Samuel Huntington Samuel Huntington Samuel Huntington The Clash of Civilizations • Context: – End of the Cold War • Contribution: – Refutation of and alternative to Fukuyama’s triumphalist views Huntington’s main ideas Huntington • “The Errors of Endism” article • The importance of civilizations (cultures?) in providing humans with – identity rules of conduct meaning in life • The inevitability of conflict “The Errors of ‘Endism’” • ‘End’ Assumes too much (western­style) rationality • ‘End’ does not account for forces that motivate people • Convergence vs. Invariance What does modernity produce? What does modernity produce? • Convergenc...
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