This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: r Frankfurt,
1945 XXth Century: Failed challenges to XXth Century: Failed challenges to free market liberal democratic state •Communism fails
– Communism organizes the society around economic production
– Free market societies were far more successful economically: they provided more goods to more people Chernobyl nuclear power plant,
1986 New Challenges?
• Religion? – Not incompatible with a free market democracy (although most religions condone slavery) • Nationalism? – Will eventually be assimilated and tamed Implications for Global Economy
Implications for Global Economy
• Free trade will prevail
• All who wish to prosper must join free trade system Implications for war
Implications for war
There will be wars:
within the countries still in a “historical phase”
occasionally between “historical” countries and those who have reached The End of History Samuel Huntington
Samuel Huntington Samuel Huntington
The Clash of Civilizations • Context: – End of the Cold War • Contribution: – Refutation of and alternative to Fukuyama’s triumphalist views Huntington’s main ideas
• “The Errors of Endism” article
• The importance of civilizations (cultures?) in providing humans with – identity
rules of conduct meaning in life • The inevitability of conflict “The Errors of ‘Endism’”
• ‘End’ Assumes too much (westernstyle) rationality • ‘End’ does not account for forces that motivate people • Convergence vs. Invariance What does modernity produce?
What does modernity produce?
View Full Document
- Spring '08