World System Today - Fukuyama, Huntington, Mahbubani

Gturkey confucianislamiclinksnorthkoreaand iransyria

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: e thesis – All industrial and post­industrial societies face the same challenges and requirements. If successful they will necessarily look much alike • Invariance thesis – All societies provide identity to individuals within them and cannot be varied easily. Why Huntington’s “clash”? Why Huntington • Differences are profound (invariance) • Interactions intensify (globalization) • Local identity weakens (globalization) • Compromise difficult (invariance) • Economic regionalization (reaction to globalization) Current situation Current situation • Western predominance, which promotes ­ • “The West versus the rest” • ‘Torn’ countries (e.g., Turkey) • Confucian­Islamic links (North Korea and Iran/Syria) Huntington’s ‘Civilizations’ Huntington ‘Torn Countries’ Ukraine Implications for Global Economy Implications for Global Economy • Rivalry between regional blocs Implications for war Implications for war • Wars likely at ‘civilizational’ boundaries • Anti­western coalitions • West’s ability to deal rising powers Basic Critiques of Huntington Basic Critiques of Huntington • What is a ‘civilization?’ Do they mix? • Wars within civilizations • Wars within countries • Somewhat xenophobic Today’s Discourse Today • Western • Rational­secular • Male­assertive • Based on ‘Enlightenment’ ideals “China’s President Lashes Out at Western Culture” New York Times, 4 Jan 2012 • “hostile forces are … westernizing and dividing China” • we must “remain vigilant…and respond” • [Lady Gaga popularity] President Hu Jintao • Confucius Institutes The Case Against the West The Case Against the West Kishore Mahbubani Overall Critique Overall Critique • West, once a source of global solutions, now a source of global problems • West clings to privileged positions in global forums • West is bound to short­term solutions The Middle East Mess The Middle East Mess • Continuing alienation of Muslims • ‘Illegal’ invasion of Iraq • US refusal to insist on Palestinian state Nuclear Non­proliferation Nuclear Non­proliferation • US and USSR ‘vertical’ proliferation • US undermining of UN undermines respect for all treaties, including NPT • Ignoring of Israel’s nuclear arse...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/24/2014 for the course IR 271 taught by Professor Corgan during the Spring '08 term at BU.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online