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Unformatted text preview: e thesis – All industrial and postindustrial societies face the same challenges and requirements. If successful they will necessarily look much alike • Invariance thesis – All societies provide identity to individuals within them and cannot be varied easily. Why Huntington’s “clash”?
• Differences are profound (invariance)
• Interactions intensify (globalization)
• Local identity weakens (globalization)
• Compromise difficult (invariance)
• Economic regionalization (reaction to globalization) Current situation
• Western predominance, which promotes
• “The West versus the rest”
• ‘Torn’ countries (e.g., Turkey)
• ConfucianIslamic links (North Korea and Iran/Syria) Huntington’s ‘Civilizations’
Huntington ‘Torn Countries’
Ukraine Implications for Global Economy
Implications for Global Economy
• Rivalry between regional blocs Implications for war
Implications for war
• Wars likely at ‘civilizational’ boundaries
• Antiwestern coalitions
• West’s ability to deal rising powers Basic Critiques of Huntington
Basic Critiques of Huntington
• What is a ‘civilization?’ Do they mix?
• Wars within civilizations
• Wars within countries
• Somewhat xenophobic Today’s Discourse
• Based on ‘Enlightenment’ ideals “China’s President Lashes Out at Western Culture” New York Times, 4 Jan 2012 • “hostile forces are … westernizing and dividing China” • we must “remain vigilant…and respond” • [Lady Gaga popularity]
President Hu Jintao • Confucius Institutes The Case Against the West
The Case Against the West
Kishore Mahbubani Overall Critique
• West, once a source of global solutions, now a source of global problems • West clings to privileged positions in global forums • West is bound to shortterm solutions The Middle East Mess
The Middle East Mess
• Continuing alienation of Muslims
• ‘Illegal’ invasion of Iraq
• US refusal to insist on Palestinian state Nuclear Nonproliferation
• US and USSR ‘vertical’ proliferation
• US undermining of UN undermines respect for all treaties, including NPT • Ignoring of Israel’s nuclear arse...
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This note was uploaded on 02/24/2014 for the course IR 271 taught by Professor Corgan during the Spring '08 term at BU.
- Spring '08