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Deterrence Theory and Cold War Practice

2 strong point defense you can only defend particular

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Unformatted text preview: differences. They could come to see there were more benefits in cooperating with the status quo, rather than challenging it. How do these translate into policy? Asymmetry Counter the fear of the Soviet military presence in Europe not by building up forces by providing economic aid. Containment – not just a military strategy, need economic tools as well. Kennan fearful of overreliance on the military Important psychological/diplomatic/social aspects. U.S. had economic advantage after WWII . Through loans, aid, U.S. could balance power. Stage 1 of implementing containment: Restore the balance of power (2 ways to do this) 1) Perimeter Defense – all areas bordering Soviet aggression were of equal importance. U.S. would need to resist Soviet aggression along that entire border perimeter The United States must be willing to aid victims of communism everywhere. 2) Strong Point Defense – you can only defend particular regions. Kennan believed U.S. should follow this one. Why? Because defense of specific points, maximized limited resources, required distinguishing between vital and peripheral interests. limited resources choose the unfavorable terrain underlying assumptions all interest are NOT of equal importance (we can pick the defensive & vital interest regions) the United States could tolerate the lost of non- vital areas (we need to take a loss on some areas says Kennan) Vital Areas? Presence of resources The U.S. homeland and areas close by Areas of important national interest Also, industrial/military capability and areas with secure lines of communication So, these are the areas of vital importance: 1) Western Europe 2) Middle East 3) Mediterranean 4) Japan One are that the U.S. could sustain a loss in: All of Asia (from Afghanistan to Korea, we can sustain a loss) That area has no war...
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