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Deterrence Theory and Cold War Practice

How did this threaten the soviet union solidified

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Unformatted text preview: making capability for the Russians & it is not defensible, logistically overwhelming Sounds like Sun Tzu, asymmetric strategy Stage 2 Soviet challenge psychological in nature, not monolithic Fragment the international communist movement Communism – plague that feeds on diseased flesh Believe communism was divisive Assumption: communism was not a monolith The United States could exploit fissures in this movement Kennan believed communism was divisive: not a unifying force Marshall Plan (in order to create fissures) Massive economic recovery plan, goal to restore all war torn countries in Europe. Also offered to Easter Europe and Soviet Union Stalin blocked the Marshall Plan and prevented Eastern Europe from participation Massive, spectacular success. Agriculture 25% higher than before the war. Stage 3 Change over time the Soviet approach to IR (convince the Russian leaders that their interest would be better served by coexisting, rather than remaking IS for Soviets) Kennan’s divergence with the Truman Administration Kennan: believed modifying Soviet behavior required both positive and negative reinforcement (rewards and punishments) Soviet feelings of insecurity reinforced ( by some of our actions ): Formation of NATO Initiative came from Western European states themselves, out of concern over 30 soviet divisions in Western Europe and less than all British, French and American. How did this threaten the Soviet Union? solidified alliances against Soviet Union Committed U.S. militarily to the continent of Europe West Germany Potsdam Conference Each of the allies had control over one part of Germany Stalin refused to reunite his part of Germany with West Germany U.S. occupation of Japan We did not allow Soviet Union to occupy Japan after the war H- Bomb August 1949, U.S. starts building after Soviet detonation Kennan’s Assumptions The danger of war was remote But Truman Administration was uncomfortable with just using economic tools Asymmetry...
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