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Solvolysis Summary

Solvolysis Summary - Frances Wong Section 14 T Sam...

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Frances Wong, Section 14, T: Sam, Institution: Georgetown University CHEM 117-08 – Solvolysis of t -Butyl Bromide – an S N 1 Reaction – Student Report Introduction When the solvent of a S N 1 reaction changes, it has a kinetic effect over the reaction, which has its consequences in the organic chemistry field, SUCH AS…. To determine whether solvent polarity does affect the stability of the carbocation intermediate and thus, lead to a faster reaction, two aqueous alcohol mixtures, 75% and 80% isopropanol was used and titrated to measure the concentration of the hydrogen halide product. S N 1 reactions are nucleophilic substitution reactions that are first-order processes, and the rate of reaction is dependent only on the concentration of the alkyl halide. This means that the nucleophile is not involved in the slow, rate-limiting step, but instead is involved in the fast step that yields the carbocation intermediate and governs the transition state, which is illustrated in Figure 1. The characteristics of such a reaction are therefore surrounded around the stability of
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