test two - Study Guide for Test Two Text chapter 6-Deviance...

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Study Guide for Test Two Text chapter 6-Deviance Know the definition of deviance, stigma (what types of stigma are discussed?), and crime (including the types). Deviance – violation of social norms Stigma – disapproval attached to violation of the expected norms o Behavioral o Character o Physical Crime – the forms of deviance in which formal penalties are imposed by society – specific type of deviance We are all deviant in some times and some places Know the sociological claims about deviance (who is deviant, anything inherently deviant, etc…?) Deviance is a violation of ever-changing social norms o Overlooked in some situations—civil inattention, privilege o Culturally and historically relevant o Socially constructed Know the definition and examples of primary and secondary deviance and the claims of labeling theory. Primary deviance – violation of a norm that may be an isolated act o Shopliftings, doing a dare o Few are initially labeled deviant as a result of the act Secondary deviance – individual continues to violate a norm and begins to take on deviant identity o Publicly recognized as deviant Labeling Theory Claims o No behavior intrinsically deviant o Society creates deviance by defining behaviors as deviant; react to deviance by rejection or penalties Know the definition and examples of occupational crime (including corporate and white collar varieties). White-collar crime – Violation of law committed by an individual or group in the course of a legitimate occupation o Pilfering, employee theft o Often invisible because committed by people of authority and prestige, does not cause obvious physical injury to identifiable persons Corporate crime o Safety neglect to customers and workers Know the functions of prisons (what we expect them to do) and what they actually do. Expected Functions o Desire for revenge/retribution o Removing dangerous people from society o Deterrence Actual Functions o Increased likelihood of creating career criminals o Criminals in prison are exposed to more criminal and antisocial behavior o Assault, rape, threats of violence make it difficult for convicts to reenter society Know the claim of differential association theory and its prediction of under what conditions people will engage in deviant or conforming behavior. conformity or deviance is learned from those with whom we spend the most time hang out more with punks, you = punk Know the reasons given for why the administration of the death penalty is problematic for people concerned with justice, fair treatment, and equality under the law. People who commit crimes do not think about the consequences; death penalty not deterrent
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Death penalties incurred if white person murdered; colored murder victims do not incur death penalty Text chapter 7-Strat Know Marx’s bases for distribution of scare resources in a society and which one predominates in a capitalist economy.
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