Sexual - Sexual Disorders 1 Conceptual Remarks Because we...

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Sexual Disorders 1 Conceptual Remarks Because we are on top of the chain, we are vulnerable o The element of free choice is the risk factor o We are not rigidly programmed o Freedom of choice opens us up to inhibitions or problematic sexual behavior § But also possible to have sex for recreational purposes rather than just for procreation Learned o Attractions are learned and so are the activities § Not biologically programmed Gains in flexibility o These have come at the cost at some suffering, misery, victimization Societies that cannot approach sex objectively, a lot of repression/suppression of the emotion cause issues o Western cultures are often repressive but change with time o 1960s-70s: broadening the range of what is normal Conceptual and Methodological Problems Boundary Problem o How to define it? o Can have extremes (e.g. sex 20 times a day on Friday) Honest Representative Information o Anonymous surveys are used Experimental Method is very Limited Definitions Dysfunction: there is a pathology Sexual deviation: a more behavioral term, in which the behaviors involved are viewed as outside the normal limits Sexual disorder: doesn’t say anything about undesirable behavior, just that the behavior that is occurring is problematic Historical Development Alleged medical authorities Late 19 th early 20 th century o Hirschville § Had his theory of intermediaries—people who did not fit in ú These people would turn to homosexuality, which was normal for them because they did not fit in with the rest of the world
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Sexual Disorders 2 o Kraft-Ebing § Psychopathia sexualis ú Written a textbook on sexuality ú He said that masturbation was psychologically dangerous because it interrupts normal erotic instincts and leads to homosexuality o Freud § Attributing the cause of sexual problems to conflicts, largely from unresolved childhood issues 1948-1953 o Kinsey § The first piece of descriptive research about sexuality § Thousands of interviews Masters and Johnson (1966) o Go beyond descriptions and interviews § They conducted interviews and recorded physical responses of adults as they engaged in sex o Sexual dysfunctions were a lot more common and less complex as previously thought of o
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