Disturbed age appropriate developmental functions o

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: s General Classes of Pathologies • • • 2. Disturbed Age Appropriate Developmental Functions o For example: speech that arrives in time but is disturbed by stuttering • 3. Breakdown of Formerly Smooth Areas of Functioning o Ex: eating—could have a normally before then develop anorexia • 1. Developmental Failures o Don’t pass hurtles that they should pass in certain periods of time 4. Developmental Delays o The child continues progressively develop but the development is rather slow than what is should be 2 Childhood Disorders • 3 About a fifth of children have moderate to severe problems o Children have a lot of developmental hurtles to over come in the first 12 years o Children are dependent and therefore very vulnerable when it come to selfesteem, identity, etc. o Children lack knowledge of coping strategies §༊ Have to teach them how to deal with things, if not we leave them vulnerable to things like anxiety o Children rely on parental reactions to their distress as a determinant of how they are going to react o The range of behaviors of the child are much smaller compared to an adult §༊ They do fewer things compared to adults’ dealing with a restrictive behavioral sett Under-control vs. Over-control Groups o Under-control §༊ Behavioral excess §༊ The children are showing more behaviors than they should and taking their distress out on the environment §༊ Bothers adults o Over-control §༊ Show behavioral deficits ú༏ Ex: not talking; suffering in silence, etc. §༊ Does not bother adults General Problems Disruptive behavior disorders • • Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder o Prior to 1980, you also saw the term hyper kinesis—over emotion §༊ This term is eventually replaced by hyper activity o 1980 research showed that the primary problem is not emotion §༊ For most of these kids, the real problem what too short of an attention span §༊ The motor problem is secondary to the attention problem, which can be coated with or without the hyperactivity §༊ This is why stimulants are given to these kids; this causes a paradoxical effect, since this causes them to calm down ú༏ Stimulating the attention span, and now the kid can pay attention for a little while longer and thus move less 3 Childhood Disorders • Oppositional Defiant Disorder o Essentially, the child who opposes demands simply to oppose them §༊ Ex: say No even before finishing ask the question • Intermittent Explosive Disorder o A flash of anger or temper but they are normal in between • Pyromania o The thrill of setting a fire • Conduct Disorder o Rule violators o The kids that do not respect the rights of others • 4 Kleptomania o The stealing of things that do not have a value to the thief §༊ Just do it to do it 4...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 02/28/2014 for the course PSYCH AS.200.212 at Johns Hopkins.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online