Italian Baroque

St ignatius of loyola envisioned becomes standard of

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Unformatted text preview: o Organized planning around key structures of Rome, used landmarks, made straight streets that led to these centers, used obelisks as focal points for planning (were ancient, Egyptian) Put them on pedestals to explain power of Church o Sixtus also destroyed many landmarks not considered religious (wanted to bring down Coliseum), took down the Column of Trajan and “saved” it by putting a saint on top of it o also added fountains and aqueducts o population doubles as a result of this o also brought back inquisition, tried heretics - Church needs art, glory of God very important o Council of Trent talked about role of art in Catholic Church didn’t talk much of architecture (just that it needed to be clear, simple, direct) o Protestants objected to art o Ex: Il Gesu, Rome, “the holy name of Jesus” – first Jesuit and main church, church that St. Ignatius of Loyola envisioned becomes standard of Jesuit churches and became pattern was in the heart of Rome, was visual and accessible was very ornate inside, no side aisles so focusing everyone on main chapel has a fresco and a statue of St. Ignatius, today, the painting comes down to reveal status at a certain time every day all the pomp was created later in the century, originally supposed to be simple (but by mid- century style changes) - last third of 16th century, lots of discussion about...
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This document was uploaded on 02/27/2014 for the course ARTH 130 at Georgetown.

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