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The Reformation and Counter

Geneva bible calvinist annotate the bible lots of

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Unformatted text preview: it: iconoclasm 1. people feared the power/idolatry of such images 2. believed it would consume lots of money better used on poor, art and crucifixes made into lumber and sold 3. concern that church filled with art would distract from sermons stained- glass windows destroyed as well Counter- Reformation - revived Catholic church - not just a top- down approach, mix of low churchmen/laymen trying to reform church (Society of Jesus) - reestablishes doctrinal framework that lasts a long time - until 1960s, mass was conducted in Latin, uniform Catholicism after counter- reformation Writing tips - active vs. passive, always use active - present vs. past, if an author is still alive, can use present - don’t use get - subject- verb agreement - which vs. that, which usually has a comma 7/18/12 Calvinism Jean Calvin (1509- 1564) - second generation reformer, very smart man - arrives in Geneva, and supports magistrates, wants to build holy community in Geneva - leaves and flees, but comes back and he sets up first ‘successful utopia’ sets up theocracy, wants to transform it into the city of God - key to this reform very close cooperation between civil authority and clergy to enforce moral discipline - clergy has right to excommunicate sinners and those that disagree with his theology combo of church and state excommunication means social ostracism as well - becomes a tyrant - much more relentless in his theology than Luther - an omniscient and omnipotent God means that individual salvation is predetermined Predestination is one of his main ideas Augustine argues for predestination, but that God knows who will be saved Calvin: he not only knows, but he chooses 1. God above influence of man 2. behavior reflects salvation status - the ‘elect’ are those that will be saved - leads to work ethic and moral responsibility Michael Servetus (1511- 1553) - well...
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