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The Reformation and Counter

In spanish empire become mobile global radical force

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Unformatted text preview: luck Henry had affair with the sister of Anne Boleyn (1501- 1537) pregnant by 1533, Thomas Cromwell annuls marriage to Catherine baby is a girl - passes Acts of Supremacy and Treason (1534), supremacy: declares Henry as head of church in England, treason: denying Henry as head of church is an act of treason important because now religious crimes are civil matters - Dissolution of the Monasteries (1536) state seizes all monasteries 1545, dissolves Chantries: private chapel attached to schools and villages where priests were paid to preach tremendous educational loss because priests usually also taught - abolishes diversity of opinions - Henry merges state and church - why did Henry repudiate Catholic church? 1, personality? Reckless to megalomaniac Worked slowly, but once he decided, his decision was final Ended up executing a lot of people he was close to, becomes a tyrant Political and economical motivations destroyed shrine of Thomas Beckett, didn’t want anybody competing with him essentially substitutes his name for the pope The Counter- Reformation - Jesuits: founded by Ignatius of Loyola (1491- 1556) 1534, students in Paris go on pilgrimage to Jerusalem, but can’t get there from Rome 1540, organize Society of Jesus, elect Ignatius as first general when his leg shatters, he rests and reads a lot, so wanted to maintain medieval chivalry, sense of duty, allegiance to pope aren’t cloistered, don’t wear robes main mission is preaching and education, esp. in Spanish Empire become mobile, global, radical force, educating...
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