The Reformation and Counter

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Unformatted text preview: everywhere order grows rapidly immerse themselves in politics, urge assassination of certain people opportunities for women much less - Teresa of Avila (1515- 1582) understood role of penance, believed the body was important becomes very aesthetic, builds regime to restore penance most prominent female of Counter- Reformation - Pope Paul III (Alessandro Farnese) Alex is a father even though he’s pope, supports roles for his children in the church, corrupt, become dukes and cardinals realizes church needs to respond to Luther, had zeal for reform gives ammunition to the Protestants becomes dangerous to disagree with papal decision issues Index of Forbidden Books which banned books the church considered detrimental - calls Council of Trent: The First Session (1545- 1549) called by Pope Paul III mostly Italian first decree: warns against private interpretation of Bible, Latin vulgate is the only official translation, no vernacular rejects Luther’s idea of justification Protestants justification comes after good work reaffirms doctrine of purgatory and reestablishes indulgences - Pope Paul IV (Giovanni Carafa) establishes the official Index of Forbidden Books Machiavelli, Luther, Calvin, vernacular books - Council of Trent: Last Session (1561- 1563) finally forbid indulgences, clandestine marriages, makes provision for training the clergy - Catholic/Protestant art throughout reformation, church has commitment to keep up art Council of Trent declares artist should avoid showing any impieties, wants art to teach correct doctrine forces reevaluation of art and trends in Renaissance art, lots of nudity glorifying human body the Church paints over the nudity in Michelangelo’s Last Judgment the other painting the Church renounces was The Last Supper, by Paolo Veronese (1573) Protestants don’t care as much about art, wanted to destroy Catholic art response to medieval art was by destroying...
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