The Enlightenment

Societies goal was always to return society to state

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Unformatted text preview: the few that was atheist during period very outspoken towards religion - Hume also tackles religion, argues that our understanding of morality and ideas derives from sense of perception, not innate ideas denies there are any certain truths we’re born with a blank slate - Gotthold Lessing follows after John Locke, who argued for toleration of all Christian dominations argues for toleration of all religions writes play where Jews are lead characters, rings and fake rings, message is we can’t know which religion is true, point is we must tolerate everyone Progress and Reform - until 18th century, idea of progress was alien to societies, goal was always to return society to state of golden ages - secularize Christian perception of time - corrupt institutions can be reformed, which will allow societies to progress to a higher level monarchy, tax houses, institutions, etc. all become targets for the Enlightenment - Cesare Beccaria writes Essay on Crimes and Punishment punishment should not be used to hurt criminal, but should be used to rehabilitate criminal, to better person and improve society should be public, immediate...
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This document was uploaded on 02/27/2014 for the course HIST 007 at Georgetown.

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