Revolution - Spanish America

Slave trade in england gets rid of british slave

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Unformatted text preview: e more stringent - establishes Gran Colombia and divides it into Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela - takes over Peru, Bolivia - writes a constitution - later Peru revolts and kicks him out, establishes own country - same thing happens in Colombia, run out, and escapes to Venezuela - dies in 1830 - before he dies, claims that America is ungovernable - only Cuba and Puerto Rico stay with the Spanish crown - allowed any foreigner to enter only if they stayed allegiant to Spanish crown - Spain basically loses entire empire by 1830 Abolition Zong (1781) - British slave trade ship - epidemic hits and kills many people, so captain decides to throw overboard 133 Africans this way he can collect insurance, because he only does if they die at sea - when they get back to Britain, captain tries to claim insurance, but first mate tries to turn him in - court declares that insurance company must pay the captain - when this happens, instigates abolitionists - verdict reversed but nobody prosecuted - along with the Somerset case, considered one of first instigators of abolition movement 1780, when abolition movement takes off in England - led by Granville Sharp gets Zong verdict reversed, but nobody prosecuted - in Parliament, led by William Wilberforce becomes Evangelical Christian wants to leave Parliament because too dirty, but Newton convinces him to stay key abolitionist in Parliament - Thomas Clarkson is a Quaker, and abolitionist begins gathering scholarly evidence about slavery and forms committee convinces Wilberforce to introduce an abolitionist bill into Parliament later has to drop out of abolition movement to support French Revolution but one of main founders of movement - Hannah More also influenced by Newton challenges Englishmen to join abolition movement, and reject hypocrisy of slavery - Olaudah Equiano don’t know exact origins was a sailor on a ship, learns to read and write, baptized as a Christian bought by Quaker, and in a couple years, purchases own freedom goes back to England and writes memoirs called Interesting Narrative on the Life of Olaudah Equiano book becomes very popular 1788, sends petition to Queen demanding emancipation - William Pitt becomes youngest prime minister of England supports Wilberforce - 1807, finally successful in passing abolition of slave trade in England gets rid of British slave trade between Africa, Americas and England - first nation to pass this - because they have best navy, they begin pursuing other people who are still doing slave trade seized tons of slave ships and freed many Africans - 1833, act passed to make it illegal to own human being not immediately emancip...
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This document was uploaded on 02/27/2014 for the course HIST 007 at Georgetown.

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