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Running head: FINAL PAPER, ADDISON’S DISEASEAddison’s DiseaseName:Clover Park Technical College
Running head: FINAL PAPER, ADDISON’S DISEASEIntroductionAddison’s disease is a rare hormonal disorder (endocrine) in whichCortisol and sometimes also Aldosteroneare not producedenough by theadrenal glands,for this reasonthe disease canbe calledhypercortisolism. Itis calledAddison's disease because it was Thomas Edison who firstdescribed the disease. He named this disease melasma suprarenal.However, itwas later renamedby other doctors to Addison's disease.Thomas was studying anemia and vitamin B12 deficiency and then duringthat time he came across the condition where blood levels of sodium andpotassiumare altered, and he found it was due to some dysfunction toadrenal glands. Later on, when more studieswere doneto understand whatadrenal glands are, itwas addedon to his research. Body According to thePituitary Network Association, Addison’s diseaseaffects about 1 in 100,000people. It occurs in all age groups and afflicts men and women equally.making this diseaserare. Addison’s disease develops in the case of adeficient adrenal cortex and when it isnot ableto create hormones insufficient amounts. Clinical symptoms are not always evident immediatelyand about 90% of adrenal tissue could get harmed before any symptomsand signs are present. Function of the glandsis affected, and they are notable to produce adequate amounts of hormones, which causes an endocrinedisorder. As long as the adrenal glands work as expected, they are able toproduce hormones that help us process fat and protein. Blood sugar levelsare also controlledpartly through the adrenalglandshormone production,
Running head: FINAL PAPER, ADDISON’S DISEASEas well as how they act in response to blood pressure and stressors.McCance & Huether (2014), mentions that cortisol, aldosterone, reducedamounts of dehydroepiandrosterone and adrenocorticotrophic hormone,areproducedin the adrenal glands (McCance, & Huether, 2014). Signs andsymptoms of Addison’s disease range from extreme fatigue,hyperpigmentation, low blood pressure that could cause fainting, weightloss, reduced of appetite or craving salted foods, headaches, increasedsweating, abdominal discomfort, diarrhea,irritability andchange inpersonality, unhappiness, nausea/vomiting, dimness, hypoglycemia, loss ofhair and women couldexperiencesexual function. During the development

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Test, Cortisol, Adrenal cortex

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